International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Morphological Change Study of Ghoramara Island, Eastern India Using Multi Temporal Satellite Data

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721302, West Bengal, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (10), Pages 72-81, October,2 (2012)


Ghoramara island is situated at 18.36 nautical miles away from Haldia dock in Hooghly estuary, Eastern India. It is a rhombic shaped island covering an area of around 4.8 km² with a total shoreline length of 8.5 kms. This sparingly populated sensitive ecosystem is rapidly changing its morphology due to extensive coastal erosion on the northwestern coast and marginal accretion on the southeastern side. The degradation of the system due to natural and anthropogenic causes leads to the total areal reduction of the island. There is a major loss of agricultural land and fisheries. The two islands Lohachara and Supribhanga lying to the southwest of Ghoramara have already been submerged. The vulnerability and stability of the island is the major fear of the inhabitants. In the present study, multi-resolution and multi-temporal satellite images of Landsat have been utilized to understand the erosion accretion pattern of the island over past four decades (1972-2010). The rate of change in shoreline positions have been estimated using statistical linear regression, end-point rate and net shoreline movement method and cross-validated with regression coefficient (R²) method. Land use land cover map has been prepared for all these years to understand how the erosion-accretion affected the island. It has been shown that the island is constantly shrinking over time and lost almost 50% of its area.


  1. Jayappa K.S., Mitra D. and Mishra A.K., Coastal geomorphological and land use and land cover study of Sagar Island, Bay of Bengal (India) using remotely sensed data, Intl. J. Rem. Sen, 27 (17), 3671-3682 (2006)
  2. Boak E.H. and Turner I.L., Shoreline definition and detection: A review, J. Coast. Res., 21(4), 688–703 (2005)
  3. Alesheikh A.A., Ghorbanali A. and Nouri N., Coastline change detection using remote sensing, Intl. J. Env. Sci. Tech., 4(1), 61–66 (2007)
  4. Scot D.B., Coastal changes, rapid, In: Schwartz, M.L. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of coastal sciences. Springer, The Netherlands, 253–255 (2005)
  5. Maiti S. and Bhattacharya A.K., Shoreline change analysis and its application to prediction: a remote sensing and statistics based approach, Mar. Geol., 257, 11–23 (2009)
  6. Niyogi D., Geological background of beach erosion at Digha, West Bengal, Bull. Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India, 43,1–36 (1970)
  7. King C.A.M., Destructive Wave Action and Coastal Erosion in Beaches and Coasts, Edward Arnold, Great Britain, 448–484 (1972)
  8. Narayanaswamy G. and Varadachari V.V.R., Erosion at Colva, Goa. Mahasagar, Bull. NIO, 11(180), 11–20 (1978)
  9. Anwar Y.M., Girdy A.R., EL Askary M.A. and EL Fishawi N.M., Beach accretion and erosion, Burullus Gamasa Coast, Egypt, Mar. Geol., 30(3-4), 1–7 (1979)
  10. Mallik T.K., Samsuddin M., Prakash T.N., Vasudevan V. and Machado T., Beach erosion and accretion—An example from Kerala, Southwest coast of India, Env. Geol. Water Sci., 10(2), 105–110 (1987)
  11. Mallik T.K. and Rao N.S., Beach profiling studies at Marvante, Cooddapore, Karnataka, Ind. Min., 44(2-3), 217–224 (1990)
  12. Pukrait B., Coastal erosion in response to wave dynamics operative in Sagar island, Sunderban delta, India, Frontier Earth Sci. 3(1), 21–33 (2009)
  13. Paul A.K., Textbook of Coastal geomorphology and environment: Sunderban coastal plain, Kanthi coastal plain and Subarnarekha Delta plain, ACB publications, Kolkata, 1–61 (2002)
  14. Mukherjee K.N., History of settlement in the Sundarbans, Indian J. Land. Sys. Ecol. Stud., , 1–19 (1983)
  15. Ghosh T., Bhandari G. and Hazra S., Assessment of landuse/landcover dynamics and shoreline changes of Sagar island through Remote sensing, 22nd Asian Conference on Remote sensing, Singapore, , 848–852 (2001)
  16. Gopinath G., Critical coastal issues of Sagar Island, east coast of India, Env. Monitor. Assest., 160, 555–561 (2010)
  17. Census of India, Final Population Totals. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi (2001)
  18. Ghosh T., Bhandari G. and Hazra S., Application of a bio engineering technique to protect Ghoramara island (Bay of Bengal) from severe erosion, J. Coast. Cons., , 171–178 (2003)
  19. Biswas A., Jana A. and Sharma S.P., Delineation of groundwater potential zones using satellite remote sensing and geographic information system techniques: A case study from ganjam district, Orissa, Res. J. Recent Sci, 1(9), 59–66 (2012)
  20. Manimaran D., Groundwater geochemistry study using GIS in and around Vallanadu Hills, Tamilnadu, India, Res. J. Recent Sci, 1(6), 32–37 (2012)
  21. CERC, Shore Protection Manual, Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) U.S. Army (1984)
  22. Lee J.S. and Jurkevich I., Coastline detection and tracing in SAR images, IEEE Trans. Geo. Rem. Sen, 28 (4), 662–668 (1990)
  23. Dolan R., Fenster M.S. and Holme S.J., Temporal analysis of shoreline recession and accretion, J. Coast. Res.,7(3), 723–744 (1991)
  24. Fenster M.S., Dolan R. and Elder J.F., A new method for predicting shoreline positions from historical data, J. Coast. Res.,9(1), 147–171 (1993)
  25. Thieler E.R., Martin D. and Ergul A., The Digital Shoreline Analysis System, Shoreline change measurement software extension for ArcView: USGS U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-076. Version 2.0. (2003)
  26. Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R.W., Remote sensing and image interpretation, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 736 (2000)