International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Importance and Application of Potassic Biofertilizer in Indian Agriculture

Author Affiliations

  • 1Deptt. of Soil Science and Agril. Chemistry, I.A.S., BHU, Varanasi, UP, INDIA
  • 2 Deptt. of Plant Physiology, I.A.S., BHU, Varanasi, UP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (12), Pages 80-85, December,10 (2014)


India totally depends on import of potassic fertilizers for other countries. In Indian condition farmers mainly used nitrogenous fertilizers, some phosphorous and very less or not used potassium in crop production. Biofertilizers are one of the best modern tools for sustainable agriculture. It is a gift of our modern agricultural technological view. Bio fertilizers are applied in the agricultural field as a substitute to inorganic/chemical fertilizers. Most of the farmers used chemical fertilizers for agricultural production system. However, chemical fertilizers have many negative impacts such as environmental pollution, global warming, soil microbial diversity etc. Moreover, they also influenced soil plant dynamic with its microbial distribution, and its cause to degradation of soil-environmental sustainability. But Indian agricultural system use nitrogenous and phosphatic biofertilizer, it helps to enhance sustainability of system. Nowadays many researcher works to develop potassic bio fertilizer.


  1. Khan A.A., Jilani G., Akhtar M.S., Naqvi SMS. and Rasheed M., Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria: Occurrence, mechanisms and their role in crop production., J. Agric. Biol. Sci.,1(1), 48-58 (2009)
  2. Lack A.J. and Evans D.E., Instant notes in plant biology, 1st edn. Oxford : Bios Scientific Publishers, , 68-71 (2005)
  3. Indian Fertilizer Industry at a Glance in, (2012 – 2013)
  4. Verma J.P., Yadav J., Kavindra N.T. and Jaiswal D.K., Evaluation of plant growth promoting activities of microbial strains and their effect on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in India, Soil Biology and Biochem.,70, 33-37 (2014)
  5. Meena V.S., Maurya B.R. and Verma J.P., Does a rhizospheric microorganism enhance K+ availability in agricultural soils?, Microbiol Res (2013)
  6. Maurya B.R., Meena V.S. and Meena O.P., Influence of inceptisol and alfisol’s Potassium Solubilizing Bacteria (KSB) isolates on release of K from waste mica, This article is published with open access at, (2014)
  7. Goteti P.K., Leo D.A.E., Desai S. and Mir Hassan Ahmed S., Prospective Zinc Solubilising Bacteria for Enhanced Nutrient Uptake and Growth Promotion in Maize (Zea mays L.), Interna. J. of Microbi., Article ID 869697, 7 (2013)
  8. Deshwal V.K. and Kumar P., Production of Plant growth promoting substance by Pseudomonas. J. of Acad. and Indus. Res. (JAIR), 2, (2013)
  9. Malhotra M., Srivastava S., Stress-responsive indole-3-aceticacid biosynthesis by Azospirillum brasilense SM and its abilityto modulate plant growth., Eur. J. Soil Biol., 45,73–80 (2009)
  10. Kim K.Y., Jordan D. and McDonald G.A., Enterobacter agglomerans, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, and microbial activity in soil : Effect of carbon sources, Soil Biol. Biochem, 30, 995-1003 (1998)
  11. Milic V., Jarak M., Mrkovacki N., Milosevic N., Govedarica M., uric S. and Marinkovic. J., Microbiological fertilizer use and study of biological activity for soil protection purposes, Field Veg. Crop Res., 40, 153-169 (2004)
  12. Kawalekar J.S., Role of biofertilizers and bio-pesticides for sustainable Agriculture, J. Bio. Innov., 2(3)73-78 (2013)
  13. Venkatashwarlu B., Role of bio-fertilizers in organic farming : Organic farming in rain fed agriculture : Central institute for dry land agriculture, Hyderabad, 85-95 (2008)
  14. Sparks D.L. and Huang P.M., Physical chemistry of soil potassium. In Potassium in agriculture (ed.) Munson, R.D., American Soc. Agron. J., 201-276 (1987)
  15. Munson J.B., Foehring R.C., Lofton S.A., Zengel J.E. and Sypert G.W., Plasticity of medial gastrocnemius motor units following cordotomy in the cat., J Neurophysiol, 55, 619–634 (1986)
  16. Sparks D.L. and Huang P.M., Physical chemistry of soil potassium. In: Potassium in agriculture. Munson, R.D., Ed. Americ. Soci. of Agro. J., USA., 201-276 (1985)
  17. Zakaria A., Growth optimization of Potassium Solubilizing Bacteria isolated from biofertilizer.,Natural Resources Eng. Univ., 40 (2009)
  18. Barre P., Montagnier C., Chenu C., Abbadie L. and Velde B., Clay minerals as a soil potassium reservoir : Observation and quantification through X-ray diffraction., Plant Soil., 302, 213–220 (2008)
  19. Pal D.K., Srivastava P., Durge S.L. and Bhattacharyya T., Role of weathering of fine-grained micas in potassium management of Indian soils., Appl. Clay Sci., 20, 39–52 (2001)
  20. Basak B.B. and Biswas D.R., Co-inoculation of potassium solubilizing and nitrogen fixing bacteria on solubilization of waste mica and their effect on growth promotion and nutrient acquisition by a forage crop., Biol. Fertil. Soils, Can. J. Microbiol., 52, 66–72 (2010)
  21. Schroeder B.L., Wood A.W., Hardy S., Moody P. and Panitz J., Soil-specific nutrient management guidelines for sugarcane production in the Proserpine district, BSES Technical Publication TE04003, 59 (2006)
  22. Ghosh A.B. and Hasan R., Soil fertility map of India, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi (1980)
  23. Anonymous, Information on Horticulture and Various Crops. Directorate General Production of Horticulture and Various Plants, Jakarta Indonesia (2003)
  24. Bensal S.K., Moiniddin P., crop responces to balanced nutrition management in india. Proceedings of International Symposium of the soil and Water Research Institute, University of Tehran (Iran), 57-68 (1999)
  25. Mikhailouskaya N. and Tcherhysh A., K-mobilizing bacteria and their effect on wheat yield. Latvian J Agron, ,154–7 (2005)
  26. Sheng X.F., He. L.Y. and Huang W.Y., The conditions of releasing potassium by a silicate-dissolving bacterial strain NBT, Agric Sci China, , 662–665 (2002)
  27. Zhang A., Zhao G., Gao T, Wang W, Li J and Zhang S., Solubilization of insoluble potassium and phosphate by Paenibacillus kribensis a soil microorganismwith biological control potential., Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.,7(1),41–7 (2013)
  28. Uroz S., Calvaruso C., Turpault M.P. and Freyklett P., Mineral weathering by bacteria: ecology, actors and mechanisms., Trends Microbiol., 17, 378–87 (2009)
  29. Subba Roa N.S., An appraisal of biofertilizers in India. The biotechnology of biofertilizers, (ed.) S. Kannaiyan, Narosa Pub. House, New, (2001)
  30. Zhanga C. and Konga F., Isolation and identification of potassium-solubilizing bacteria from tobacco rhizospheric soil and their effect on tobacco plants, Applied Soil Eco., 82, 18–25 (2014)
  31. Parmar P. and Sindhu S.S., Potassium solubilization by rhizosphere bacteria: influence of nutritional and environmental conditions., J Microbio. Res., 3(1), 25–31(2013)
  32. Rajawat M.V.S., Singh S., Singh G. and Saxena A.K., Isolation and characterization of K-solubilizing bacteria isolated from different rhizospheric soil. In proceeding of : Annual Conference of Microbiologists of India, At Punjab University, Punjab, India, (2012)
  33. Zhao F., Sheng X, Huang Z, He L., Isolation of mineral potassium-solubilizing bacterial strains from agricultural soils in Shandong Province., Biodiv. Sci., 16, 593–600 (2008)
  34. Archana D.S., Nandish M.S., Savalagi V.P. and Alagawadi A.R., Characterization of potassium solubilizing bacteria (KSB) from rhizosphere soil. Bioinfolet, 10, 248–257 (2013)