GIS-based methodology for sustainable spatial planning at site level for hill areas: case study of a University Campus
- 1Architecture Department, National Institute of Technology (NIT), Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh-177 005, India
- 2School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), Vijayawada, India
- 3Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology (NIT), Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh-177 005, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 8, Issue (4), Pages 63-68, October,2 (2019)
Traditional spatial planning at the site level in hill areas was done manually based on the experience of a planner. With the increasing spectrum of spatial complexity in hill areas, the use of Geographic Information Systems(GIS) in spatial planning is increasing nowadays. GIS deal with spatial planning problems in a structured manner by optimizing the planning process. GIS has advanced to a stage where geospatial analysis techniques are mature enough to assist spatial planning decisions for hill areas. GISallows planners to plan, receive real-time feedback, and find probable impacts of the proposed planning decisions. The present study focuses on the development of a GIS-based methodology for sustainable spatial planning at the sitelevel for hill areas of developing countries like India. The developed GIS-based methodology has been executed on one of the proposed university campuses in hill areas.
- Philip E. (2007)., Urban planning and development control regulations: Case study Kerala., Institute of Town Planning India Journal, 4(1), 13-16.
- Sengupta B.K. and Banerji H. (2012)., Issue for Future Urban Development and Reform Agenda in Planning and Regulatory Framework., Proceedings of 60th National Town and Country Planning Congress. Institute of Town Planners of India (ITPI). New Delhi: 150-158.
- Geneletti D., La Rosa D., Spyra M. and Cortinovis C. (2017)., A review of approaches and challenges for sustainable planning in urban peripheries., Landscape and Urban Planning, 165, 231-243.
- Todes A., Karam A., Klug N. and Malaza N. (2010)., Beyond master planning? New approaches to spatial planning in Ekurhuleni, South Africa., Habitat International, 34, 414-420.
- Ball M. (2012)., GeoDesign provides the third phase of GIS evolution., Sensors & Systems, October 9, http://www.sensysmag.com/dialog/interviews/28386-geodesign-provides-the-third-phase-of-gis-evolution.html
- Kapoor M., Kohli K. and Menon M. (2009)., India´s Notified Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESA): The story so far., Kalpvriksh, Delhi & WWF- India, New Delhi
- MacDougall E.B. (1975)., The accuracy of map overlays., Landscape Planning, 2, 23-30.
- Steinitz C., Parker P. and Jordan L. (1976)., Hand drawn overlays: their history and prospective uses., Landscape Architecture, 66, 444-455.
- Ervin S. (2011)., A system for Geo Design., Proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture, 145-154.
- Kalogirou S. (2002)., Expert systems and GIS: an application of land suitability evaluation., Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 26(2-3), 89-112.
- Miller W., Collins W.M.G., Steiner F.R. and Cook E. (1998)., An approach for greenway suitability analysis., Landscape and Urban Planning, 42(2-4), 91-105.
- Moreno D. and Seigel M. (1988)., A GIS approach for corridor siting and environmental impact analysis., GIS/LIS´88. Proceedings from the third annual international conference, San Antonio, Texas 2, 507-514.
- Church R.L. (2002)., Geographical information systems and location science., Computers and Operations Research, 29(6), 541-562.
- Janssen R. and Rietveld P. (1990)., Multicriteria analysis and geographical information systems: an application to agricultural land use in the Netherlands., In Geographical information systems for urban and regional planning, Springer, Dordrecht, 129-139.
- Burley J.B. and Brown T.J. (1995)., Constructing interpretable environments from multidimensional data: GIS suitability overlays and principal component analysis., Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 38(4), 537-550.
- Xiang W.N. (1996)., GIS-based riparian buffer analysis: injecting geographic information into landscape planning., Landscape and Urban Planning, 34, 1-10.
- Klosterman R.E. (1997)., Planning support systems: a new perspective on computer-aided planning., Journal of Planning Education and Research, 17(1), 45-54.
- Landis J., Zhang M. and Zook M. (1998)., CUFII: The Second Generation of the California Urban Futures Model., UC Transportation Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
- Hopkins L.D. (1977)., Methods for generating land suitability maps: a comparative evaluation., Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 43(4), 386-400.
- Long Y., Shen Z. and Mao Q. (2011)., An Urban Containment Planning Support System for Beijing., Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 35(4), 297-307.
- Carsjens G.J. and Ligtenberg A. (2007)., A GIS-based support tool for sustainable spatial planning in metropolitan areas., Landscape and urban planning, 80(1-2), 72-83.
- Baz I., Geymen A. and Er. S.N. (2009)., Development and application of GIS-based analysis/synthesis modeling techniques for urban planning of Istanbul Metropolitan Area., Advances in Engineering Software, 40(2), 128-140.
- Bansal V.K. (2014)., Use of Geographic Information Systems in spatial planning: a case study of an institute campus., Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE, 28(4), 05014002-1-12
- Kumar M. and Biswas V. (2013)., Identification of Potential Sites for Urban Development using GIS Multi-Criteria Evaluation Technique., Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, 4(1), 45-51.
- Kumar S. and Bansal V.K. (2016)., GIS-based methodology for safe site selection of a building in a hilly region,, Frontiers of Architectural Research, 5, 39-51.
- NBC (2016)., National Building Code of India., Published by Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi 110002,
- IS Code 14243 (Part-2), (1995)., Selection and development of the site for building in hill areas-guidelines., Bureau of Indian Standards. New Delhi.
- International Building Code (2009)., International Code Council., Publications, 4051West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL.