Biodecolorization and Biodegradation of reactive azo dyes by Kappaphycus alvarezii and optimization of biofertilizing potential
- 1Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre for Applied Research and Testing, Vallabh vidhyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India and Department of Biology, V.P. Science College, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India
- 2Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre for Applied Research and Testing, Vallabh vidhyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India and Department of Biology, V.P. Science College, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India
- 3Department of Chemistry, R.K. Parikh Arts and Science College, Sardar Patel University, Petlad-388450, Gujarat, India
- 4Department of Biology, V.P. Science College, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 6, Issue (6), Pages 20-28, June,2 (2017)
In recent years with increasing pollution and development there is a need of easily operatable, less costly and no secondary waste generation and environment friendly treatment methods required. It is an attempt to study as degradation and decolorization of reactive azo dyes by seaweed biomass of Kappaphycus alvarezii. This present paper discussed the color removal capabilities of dry seaweed biomass of Kappaphycus alvarezii (C) which gives 93.61%, 90.66% and 21.94% decolorization from P1, P4 and P6 (reactive azo dyes) respectively. The FTIR study shows that the major dye functional groups were completely removed indicates the transformation or breakdown of dye molecules by the active sites of the seaweed biomass creates excellent result for the biodegradation and biodecolorization. After treatment the accumulated seaweed biomass was utilized for biocompost preparation as by-product and its applicability was studied by germination of Vigna radiata and Triticum aestivum. Pigment analysis chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b, total chlorophyll and carotenoid was studied indicates the pigment concentration was found higher as compared to control (without compost) in both the plant species which represents the applicability of accumulated seaweed biocompost creates sustainable approach as by-product and no secondary waste generation can be used in waste water treatment systems.
- Van der Zee F.P. and Villaverde S. (2005)., Combined anaerobic–aerobic treatment of azo dyes – a short review of bioreactor studies., Water Res., 39(8), 1425-1440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.03.007.
- Mondal S. (2008)., Methods of dye removal from dye house effluent– an overview., Environ. Eng. Sci., 25(3), 383-396. doi:10.1089/ees.2007.0049.
- Rai H.S., Bhattacharyya M.S., Singh J., Bansal T.K., Vats P. and Banerjee U.C. (2005)., Removal of dyes from the effluent of textile and dyestuff manufacturing industry: a review of emerging techniques with reference to biological treatment., Crit. Rev. Environmen. Sci. Technol., 35(3), 219-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643380590917932
- Robinson T., McMullan G., Marchant R. and Nigam P. (2001)., Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative., Bioresour. Technol., 77(3), 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00080-8
- Reife A., Betowski D. and Freeman H.S. (1998)., Dyes and pigments, environmental chemistry., In Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, ed. Meyers, R.A., B., 1442-1465. New York: Wiley Interscience. ISBN 0–471–117–8–0.
- Wu J.Y., Hwang S.C.J., Chen C.T. and Chen K.C. (2005)., Decolorization of azo dye in a FBR reactor using immobilized bacteria., Enzyme Microb. Technol., 37(1), 102-112. doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.02.012
- Swamy J. and Ramsay J.A. (1999)., The evaluation of white rot fungi in the decoloration of textile dyes., Enzym Microb. Technol., 24(3-4), 130-137.
- Volesky B. (1990)., Biosorption and Biosorbents, in biosorption of heavy metals., edited by B. Volesky., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 3.
- Bertoni F.A., Medeot A.C., Gonzalez J.C., Sala L.F. and Bellu S.E. (2015)., Application of green seaweed biomass for MoVI sorption from contaminated waters. Kinetic, thermodynamic and continuous sorption studies., J. of Colloid and Interface Sci., 446, 122-132. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2015.01.033
- Pandya K.Y., Patel R.V., Jasrai R.T. and Brahmbhatt N.H. (2017)., Preliminary study on potential of seaweeds in decolorization efficacy of synthetic dyes effluent., Int. J. of Plant, Animal and Envi. Sci., 7(1), 59-69. DOI: 10.21276/Ijpaes http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijpaes
- Brahmbhatt N.H. and Jasrai R.T. (2015)., Study the Heavy Metal Accumulated Pithophora Algal Compost Nutrient Content, Heavy Metals and Biogas Production., Int. J.of Sci. and Res., 4(4), 1987-1989.
- Biofertilizers and Organic Fertilizers in Fertilizer (Control) order (1985)., National Centre of Organic Farming., Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation., Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi, Govt. of India.
- Bueno B.Y.O., Torem M.L., Molina F. and de Mesquita L.M.S. (2008)., Biosorption of lead(II), chromium (III) and copper (II) by R. opacus: Equilibrium and kinetic studies., Mineral Engi., 21(1), 65-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. mineng.2007.08.013
- Uluozlu O.D., Sarı A., Tuzen M. and Soylak M. (2008)., Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cr(III) from aqueous solution by lichen (Parmelina tiliaceae) biomass., Bioresource Technol., 99(8), 2972-2980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. biortech.2007.06.052