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Fish poisonous plants used by Oraon Tribes of North-East Chhattisgarh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of life sciences, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) 492010, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (ISC-2015), Pages 24-26, -----Select----,2 (2016)


A survey for documentation of Fish poisonous plants used by the Oraon Tribes in north-east Chhattisgarh has been conducted during August 2014 to July 2015. Ethnobotanical information was gathered through individual interviews and observations among the Oraon tribals. Chhattisgarh state is mainly inhabited by different tribal communities and livelihood of these tribal peoples depend mainly upon the land, agriculture, hunting, fishing, the collection of food product, bamboo work and labour of any kind. Fishing is an alternative occupation of the Oraon tribals and other folk of the area. They use their indigenous knowledge about plants for catching fish easily. In the present paper, 45 different species of fish poisonous plants used by the tribals of Chhattisgarh were highlighted. Use of 10 of these species –Barleria prionitis, Elephantopus scaber, Gloriosa superba, Haldina cordifolia, Nyctanthes-arbour-tristis, Lepidagathis cristata, Hygrophila spinosa, Plumbago zeylanica, Ventilago denticulate, Sphaeranthus indicus as fish poison has not been reported so far in the literature. The study suggested that, documenting the medicinal plants and associated indigenous knowledge can be used for conservation and sustainable use of Fish poisonous plants in the area and for validation of these plants for further study.


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