Role of Cow urine in Beekeeping and Crop Protection in Uttarakhand, India
- 1Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, GBPUA and T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
- 2Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, GBPUA and T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand India
- 3Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, GBPUA and T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
- 4Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, GBPUA and T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
- 5Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, GBPUA and T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (ISC-2015), Pages 100-107, -----Select----,2 (2016)
Indiscriminate use of chemicals led to problems like pest outbreak, resistance to insecticides, elimination of natural enemies, risk to human health besides causing environmental pollution. Considering the economic importance of the pests and to reduce the poisonous effects of pesticides to pollinators and natural enemies, studies were carried out on the efficacy of cow urine for management of honeybee diseases, insect pests and plant diseases as an alternative to synthetic pesticides. A rapid recovery was observed in disease incidence and mite infestation in honeybee colonies of Apis mellifera during the experiments conducted at different locations of Uttarakahnd, India. This novel approach of spraying cow urine for honey bee disease management has adopted by several beekeepers of Uttarakhand. Similarly, cow urine was also found very promising against mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi and wheat aphids, Microsiphum miscanthi and Rhopalosiphum padi and showed higher attractancy of natural enemies and pollinators (in mustard crop) with increase in grain yield. On the other hand, a miraculous effect of cow urine was observed in vitro conditions against stem rot of mustard caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum with cent- per cent inhibition in mycelial growth. Cow urine was also found effective against disease incidence of white rust and alterneria blight in mustard under field conditions.
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