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4, 5-Dihydroimidazoline Based Non-Ionic Gemini Surfactants: Synthesis, Physicochemical Properties and Anticorrosion Behaviour in 1N H2SO4 Aqueous Solution

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India
  • 2Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India
  • 3Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (ISC-2015), Pages 39-49, -----Select----,2 (2016)


The synthesis of new Gemini surfactants was carried out in two stages in the present research. Initially Diethylenetriamine was converted into amides by using myristic acid, lauric acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid followed the reaction with 1,2,7,8-Diepoxyoctane to form the targeted Gemini surfactants. The presences of functional groups were determined by FTIR spectra. The surface morphology of synthesized surfactants is characterised by scanning electron microscopy. Surface Tension measurements are used to determine the critical micelle concentration (cmc), the maximum surface excess concentration (?max), minimum area per molecule (Amin) at air /water interface, Gibbs free energy of adsorption, (?Gads) and other parameters. The inhibition of gemini surfactants on the corrosion of carbon steel (CS) in 1N H2SO4 aqueous solution was studied at 30°C by weight loss method. Performance tests like foaming power and stability, emulsifying ability, wetting power, dispersion capability, contact angle with respect to glass, steel and teflon probe were studied. Within the same homologues series, expected decrease in critical micelle concentration (cmc) with the increase in hydrophobicity was observed. The cmc values of the gemini surfactant were found to be remarkably low. The results show that foaming power, foaming stability, dispersion power and emulsifying ability are very good. The wetting power of synthesized surfactants is quite better. The synthesized surfactant may be used as emulsifier, dispersing agent and corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in acidic medium.


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