4, 5-Dihydroimidazoline Based Non-Ionic Gemini Surfactants: Synthesis, Physicochemical Properties and Anticorrosion Behaviour in 1N H2SO4 Aqueous Solution
- 1Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India
- 2Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India
- 3Department of Oil Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001, MS, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (ISC-2015), Pages 39-49, -----Select----,2 (2016)
The synthesis of new Gemini surfactants was carried out in two stages in the present research. Initially Diethylenetriamine was converted into amides by using myristic acid, lauric acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid followed the reaction with 1,2,7,8-Diepoxyoctane to form the targeted Gemini surfactants. The presences of functional groups were determined by FTIR spectra. The surface morphology of synthesized surfactants is characterised by scanning electron microscopy. Surface Tension measurements are used to determine the critical micelle concentration (cmc), the maximum surface excess concentration (?max), minimum area per molecule (Amin) at air /water interface, Gibbs free energy of adsorption, (?Gads) and other parameters. The inhibition of gemini surfactants on the corrosion of carbon steel (CS) in 1N H2SO4 aqueous solution was studied at 30°C by weight loss method. Performance tests like foaming power and stability, emulsifying ability, wetting power, dispersion capability, contact angle with respect to glass, steel and teflon probe were studied. Within the same homologues series, expected decrease in critical micelle concentration (cmc) with the increase in hydrophobicity was observed. The cmc values of the gemini surfactant were found to be remarkably low. The results show that foaming power, foaming stability, dispersion power and emulsifying ability are very good. The wetting power of synthesized surfactants is quite better. The synthesized surfactant may be used as emulsifier, dispersing agent and corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in acidic medium.
- Adewale A., Andrea G. and Thomas W. (2013)., Properties of sodium phosphate- hydroxy ethanolamidegemini surfactant synthesized from the seed oil of Luffacylindrical., Central Europian J. of Chemistry, 11(8),1368-1380.
- Brita M.F., Krister H., Eva G.K. and Karin B. (2001)., Fatty amide ethoxylates: synthesis and self assembly., J.of Surfactant and Detergent, 4 (2), 175-183.
- Zana R. (2002)., Dimeric and Oligomeric Surfactants.Behaviour at Interfaces and In Aqueous Solution: AReview. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci, ,. 97 (1-3), 205-53.
- Devinsky F., Lacko I., Bittererova F. and TomeckovaL.J. (1986)., Relationship Between Structure, SurfaceActivity and Micelle Formation of Some NewBisquaternary Isosteres of 1, 5-PentanediammoniumDibromides., J. Colloid Interface Sci., 114 (2), 314-322.
- Urszula L., Kazimiera A., Wilk I. M. and Ludwik S.(2006)., Novel Glucose Derived Gemini Surfactants witha 1,1-Ethylenebisurea Spacer: Preparation, ThermotropicBehaviour and Biological Properties. J. of Surfactant andDetergents, 9 (2), 115-124.
- El-Tabei A.S. and Hegazy M.A. (2013)., Synthesis andcharacterization of a novel non-ionic Gemini surfactantas corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in acidic solution., J. of Chemical Engineering communication,DOI:10.1080/00986445.867260.
- Aratani K., Oida T., Shimizu T. and Hayashu Y. (1998)., Preparation and Properties of gemini surfactant fromtartaric acid. Communications presented as a lasJornadas del Comite Espanol de la Detergencia, , 28, 45-46.
- Wicks Z.W., Zones F.N. and Pappas S.P. (1992)., InOrganic Coatings: Science and Technology. New York:Wiley Interscience, , 1, 123-136.
- Warwel S., Bruse F. and Schier H. (2004)., Glucamine–Based Gemini Surfactants: Gemini Surfactant fromLong-Chain N-alkyl Glucamines and α, ω-Diepoxides. J.of Surfactants and Detergents, , 7(2), 181-186.
- Ishwar T.G. and Ghayas A.U. (2014)., Synthesis,characterization and some properties of glycerol esterbased non-ionic gemini surfactant with 1, 2,7, 8–diepoxidoctane as spacer., International J. of Sci. andResearch (IJSR), 3 (10), 580-584.
- Quagliotto P., Visardi G., Barolo C., Barni E., BellinviaS., Fisicaro E. and Compari C. (2003)., Gemini PyridiumSurfactants Synthesis and Conductometric Study ofNovel Class of Amphiphiles., J. Org. Chem., 68(5), 7651-7660.
- Xu R.F., Xu H.J., Xu H., Geng H. and Chen L. (2012)., Synthesis and properties of 4, 40-di(n-tetradactyl)diphenylmethane disulfate salt., Appl Chem Ind., 41, 317–320.
- McCutecheon J.W. (1950)., Synthetic detergents., McNairDorland’s,New York, 369-375.
- Zhu Y.P., Masuyama A. and Okahara M. (1990)., Preparation and Surface Active Properties AmphipathicCompounds with Two Sulfate Groups and TwoLipophilic Alkyl Chains., J Am Oil Chem., Soc., 67(7),459–463.
- Fouda A.S., Fouda Y.A. Elewady and Abd El-Aziz H.K.(2012)., Corrosion Inhibition of Carbon Steel by CationicSurfactants in 0.5M HCl Solution. J. of Chemical Sci.and Technology, , 1(2) 45-53.
- Furniss B.S., Hannaford A.J., Smith P.W.G. and AustinR.T. (1989)., Vogel’s Text book of practical organicchemistry., Addision Wesley Longman, Inc, 1413-1434.
- Hait S.K. and Moulik S.P. (2012)., Gemini surfactants: Adistinct class of self-assembling Molecules., Current Sci.,82(9) 1101-1111.
- Gawali I.T and Usmani G.A. (2014)., Synthesis,Characterization and Performance Properties of GlycerolBased Non-Ionic Gemini Surfactant with 1, 6-Dibromohexane as Spacer., International J. AdvancedRes. In Engineering and Technology (IJARET), 5(8), 62-69.
- El-Sadek, B. M. (2011)., Synthesis of selected GeminiSurfactants: Surface, biological activity and corrosionefficiency against hydrochloric acid medium., DerChemica Sinica, 2 (3), 125-137
- Rosen M.J. (1989)., Surfactants and InterfacialPhenomena., Willey New York, 84.
- Xin L., Zhiyong H., Hailin Z. and Duanlin C. (2010)., Synthesis and Properties of Novel Alkyl SulfonatesGemini Surfactants. J. of Surf. and Deterg., , 13(3), 353-359.
- Finch J.A. and Smith G.W. (1979)., Contact Angle andWetting., Minerals Sci. Engng. 11(1), 36-63.
- Ware A.M., Waghmare J.T. and Momin S.A. (2007),, Alkylpolyglycoside: Carbohydrate based surfactant. J. ofDispersion Sci. and Technology, , 28(3), 437-444.
- Drave C.Z., (1939)., Evalution of wetting agents., Am.Dystuff Rep. 28, 425-428.
- Arab S.T. and Noor E.A. (1993)., Inhibition of AcidCorrrosion of Steel By S-Alkyliso Thiouronium Iodides., Corrosion Sci. 49(2), 122-129.
- Tang L.B., Mu, G.N. and Liu, G.H. (2003)., The Effect ofNeutral Red on the Corrosion Inhibition of Cold RolledSteel in 1M Hydrochloric Acid., Corros. Sci. 45(10),2251-2262.
- Manjula P., Manonmani S., Jayaram P. and Rajendran S.(2001)., Corrosion Behavior of Carbon Steel In thePresence of N-Cetyl-N,N,N-TrimethylammoniumBromide, Zn2+ and Calcium Gluconate., Anti-corrosionMethods and Matter, 48, 319-324.
- Migahed M.A. and Al-Sabagh A.M. (2009),, BeneficialRole of Surfactants as Corrosion Inhibitors in PetroleumIndustry: A Review Article., Chem. Eng. Comm., 196(5),1054–1075.
- Elachouri M., Hajji M.S., Salem M., Kertit S., Aride J.,Coudert R. and Essassi E. (1996)., Some NonionicSurfactants as Inhibitors of the Corrosion of Iron in AcidChloride Solutions., Corrosion, 52 (2), 103.
- Peter O.C. and Yugui Z. (2009)., Synergistic InhibitionBehaviour of Methyl Benzyl Quaternary ImidazolineDerivative and Iodide Ions on Mild Steel in H2SO4Solution., Corrosion Sci., 51 (4), 850-859.