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Prevalence of Respiratory Discomforts among School going Children (10-14 years) in Puducherry and Karaikal, India: An Epidemiological Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Achariya Arts & Science College, Pondicherry, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 7-14, September,2 (2016)

Abstract

The incidence of respiratory discomforts has been increasing worldwide in the last few decades, in urban areas as well as rural areas. Only few studies have examined the prevalence of respiratory discomforts among school going children (10 14 years) in the Puducherry and Karaikal. To study the prevalence of respiratory discomforts among the target group using PEFR and pulse oxymetry as indicators. Two hundred school going children (10 14 years) were selected from Puducherry and Karaikal. An interview schedule was designed to elicit socio-economic, demographic and cultural conditions. Anthropometric measurements like height, weight and chest circumference were studied. Peak expiratory flow rate, oxygen saturation (SpO2) and pulse rate were measured. The mean PEFR and oxygen saturation values of boys in Puducherry were higher (297.08 and 98.23 respectively) than that of Karaikal (260.68 and 97.30 respectively). Higher values of mean PEFR and oxygen saturation (283.85 and 97.35 respectively) were found in girls of Puducherry than of Karaikal (174.64 and 96.98 respectively). The mean peak expiratory flow rate and oxygen saturation were higher among the school going children of Puducherry than Karaikal due to various socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors. The PEFR was found to be high among the boys of both the regions than girls.

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