A Comparative Study of Soft Skills in Rural and Urban Preschoolers
- 1Human Development and Family Studies, CCS HAU, Hisar, India
- 2Human Development and Family Studies, CCS HAU, Hisar, India
- 3Human Development and Family Studies, CCS HAU, Hisar, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (8), Pages 26-30, August,2 (2016)
Soft skills encompass a range of interpersonal skills such as courtesy, respect for other, self-discipline, self-confidence, conformity to norms, language proficiency, and behaviour and communication skills. Soft skills including effective communication, social, professional ethics, problem solving, decision-making, and organizational skills are needed in adventure education to enhance the learning of children. The study was conducted in rural and urban areas of district Hisar. Two villages namely Balsamand and Kharia were taken as rural location and for urban the Hisar city was selected for collection of data. A total number of 200 children of age group of 3+,4+and 5+ years were taken ,out of which 100 children were found from urban and 100 from rural areas. Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale by Sparrow et al. was used to test the communicational and adaptive skills of children. Result revealed that children had increasing trend for soft and social skills with increase their age. Comparison over location shown that mean performance of children on soft skills were significantly different over the locations of boys and girls during the age 3+ to 5+ years.
- Cunha F., Heckman J. J., Lance L. and Masterov D. (2006)., Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation., E. A. Hanushek and F. Welch (eds.) Handbook of the Economics of Education, 1, 697-812.
- Rolnick A. J. and Grunewald R. (2003)., Early childhood development: Economic development with a high public return., The Region, 1-7.
- Judy A. Temple and Arthur J. Reynolds (2000)., Benefits and Costs of Investments in Preschool Education: Evidence from the Child–Parent Centers and related programs., Economics of Education Review, 26.
- Dhanavel S.P. (2010)., Need for soft skills in children., Review of English and Soft Skills. 1, 104.
- Heckman J. J. (2000)., Policies to foster human capital., Research in Economics, 54 (1), 3-56.
- Gresham F., Mai B. and Cook C. (2006)., Social skills training for teaching replacement behaviors: Remediating acquisition deficits in at-risk students., Behavioral Disorders, 3(4), 63-377.
- Cunha F. and James J. H. (2008)., Formulating, Identifying and Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skill Formation., Journal of Human Resources, 43(4), 738-782.
- Crosbie R. (2005)., Learning the soft skills of leadership., Industrial and Commercial Training, 37(1), 45-51.
- Sparrow S. S., Balla D. A. and Cichetti D. V. (1984)., Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale., AGS circle pines Mumesota, USA.
- Knudsen E. I. (2004)., Sensitive periods in the development of the brain and behavior., Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(1), 1412-1425.