International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Earth Climate and Plants as Climate Change Mitigators

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, Kanoria P. G. Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Jaipur, Rajasthan-302015, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 36-40, July,2 (2016)


Climate change is one of the most potent universal environmental challenges faced by humankind with close connection for food production, natural ecosystems, freshwater supply, health, etc. The changing lifestyle (industrialization, urbanization, population explosion, changed eating habits, more fuel dependency etc.) has resulted in overburdening of the ecosystem resources and lot of greenhouse gas emissions resulting into global warming and climate change. According to recent scientific estimation, the earth’s climate system has changed both universally and regionaly since pre-industrial time. Scientific data shows that most of the warming (0.1°C per decade) experiential over the last 50 years, is due to activities of man. Climate change is affecting the vegetation and leading to their habitat fragmentation, phenological variations, spread of invasive species, increased number of forest fires, pest attacks and extinctions. This review article discusses the impacts of climate change on plants and how plants could be used as mitigators of climate change. Trees can prevent climate change by sequestering carbon dioxide, a very potent greenhouse gas and storing it in their biomass, in roots, as phytoliths, bioenergy crops and by afforestation, reforestation and agroforestry practices. Thus by planting trees and leading a fuel efficient and sustainable lifestyle can further combat climate change.


  1. Sathaye J., Shukla P. R. and Ravindranath N. H. (2006)., Climate change, sustainable development and India: Global and national concerns., Current Science, 90, 314-325.
  2. Scherr S. J. and Sthapit S. (2009)., Farming and land use to cool the planet., State of the World 2009 Into a warming world. World watch Institute, Washington DC, 30-49
  3. Ravindranath N. H., Joshi N. V., Sukumar R. and Saxena A. (2006)., Impact of Climate Change on Forests in India., Current Science, 90, 354-361.
  4. Anonymous (2009)., Impact of Climate Change on the vegetation of Nainital and its surroundings., NBRI Newsletter, 36, 25-31.
  5. Gates D. M. (1990)., Climate change and forests., Tree Physiology, 7, l-5.
  6. Aitken S. N., Yeaman S., Holliday, J. A., Wang, T. and Curtis-McLane, S. (2008)., Evolutionary Applications. Adaptation, migration or extirpation: climate change outcomes for tree populations., Synthesis, 1, 95-111.
  7. Houghton R. A. (2007)., Balancing the global carbon budget., Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 35, 313-347.
  8. Lavania U. C. and Lavania S. (2009)., Sequestration of atmospheric carbon into subsoil horizons through deep-rooted grasses – vetiver grass model., Current Science, 97, 618-619.
  9. Jansson C., Wullschleger S. D., Kallur, U.C., and Tuskan G. A. (2010)., Phytosequestration: Carbon Biosequestration by Plants and the Prospects of Genetic Engineering., Bio Science, 60, 685-696.
  10. Kumar R., Pandey S. and Pandey A. (2006)., Plant roots and carbon sequestration., Current Science, 91, 885-890.
  11. Parr J., Sullivan L., Chen B., Ye G. and Zheng W. (2010)., Carbon bio-sequestration within the phytoliths of economic bamboo species., Global Change Biology, 16(10), 2661-2667.
  12. Khan S. A. and Rashmi (2008)., Algae a novel source of renewable energy and carbon sequestration., Akshay Urja, 2, 14-18.
  13. Rathore A. and Jasrai Y. T. (2013)., Urban Green Patches as Carbon Sink: Gujarat University Campus, Ahmedabad., Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 3(1), 208-213.
  14. Osborbne C. P., Royer D. L. and Beerling D. J. (2004)., Adaptive role of leaf habit in extinct polar forests., Interational Forestry Review, 6 (2), 181-186.
  15. Negi J. D. S., Manhas R. K. and Chauhan P. S. (2003)., Carbon allocation in different components of some tree species of India: A new approach for carbon estimation., Current Science, 85,101-104.
  16. Phani Kumar G., Murkute A. A., Gupta S., and Singh B. S. (2009)., Carbon sequestration with special reference to agroforestry in cold deserts of Ladakh., Current Science, 97, 1063-1068.
  17. Farage P., Pretty J. and Ball A. (2003)., Biophysical Aspects of Carbon Sequestration in Drylands., University of Essex, UK, 25.
  18. Rathore A. and Jasrai Y. T. (2013)., Growth and chlorophyll levels of selected plants with varying photosynthetic pathways (C3, C4 and CAM)., International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 4 (2), 1-4.
  19. Mohapatra A. K. (2008)., Forestry based carbon sequestration option for India., Indian Journal of Forestry, 31, 483-490.
  20. Resh S. C., Binkley D. and Parrotta J. A. (2002)., Greater Soil Carbon Sequestration under Nitrogen-fixing Trees Compared with Eucalyptus Species., Ecosystems, 5, 217–231.
  21. Ramachandran A., Jayakumar S., Haroon R. M., Bhaskaran A. and Arockiasamy D. I. (2007)., Carbon sequestration: estimation of carbon stock in natural forests using geospacial technology in the Eastern Gats of Tamil Nadu, India., Current Science, 92, 323-331.
  22. Koul D. N. and Panwar P. (2008)., Prioritizing land management options for carbon sequestration potential., Current Science, 95, 658-663.
  23. Leena A., Jasrai Y.T. and Garge S.K. (2003), Green Belt, Plant Scavengers for Combating Air Pollution., Air Pollution Development at What Cost? Eds: Yogesh T. Jasrai and Arun Arya, Daya Publishing House, Delhi, 32-40.