Role of HBA1C levels and Anti Diabetic Medication on Crown/root ratio of Maxillary/ Mandibular Abutment Teeth and on Residual Mandibular bone Height among young Saudi University Diabetic and non Diabetic Students in King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- 1Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- 2Department of Prosthodontics, Rajah muthiah dental college and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 20-26, July,2 (2016)
The advancement in science and technology is indispensible to mankind but the very boon to mankind has become a bane due to the fact that man has become addicted to modern gadgets and his life has changed. This drastic change in life style has led to many life style diseases namely diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases to name a few. One of the most common types of life style related diseases is diabetes mellitus. The incidence of diabetes mellitus especially Type 2 diabetes mellitus i.e. Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is of epidemic proportions. Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is also on the rise. Diabetes mellitus has a potential resorptive effect on dental alveolar bone because of the fact that periodontitis is a common manifestation in this disease. Loss of tooth is a sequelae of periodontitis. Hence diabetic patients require frequent requirement for prosthodontics treatment for replacement of missing teeth. Various antidiabetic drugs have also come into routine use by both IDDM and NIDDM patients. This present study will bring to light the influence of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and antidiabetic usage on crown root ratios of abutment for fixed prosthodontic treatment. The study also will throw a light on residual mandibular alveolar bone height which could be used for implant placement.
- Al-Emadi A, Bissada N, Farah C, Siegel B and Al-Zaharani M. (2006)., Systemic diseases among patients with and without alveolar bone loss., Quintessence Int., 37(10), 761-5.
- Al-Zahrani MS and Kayal RA.(2006)., Alveolar bone loss and reported medical status among a sample of patients at a Saudi dental school., Oral Health Prev Dent., 4(2), 113-118.
- Taylor GW, Burt BA, Becker MP, Genco RJ, Shlossman M, Knowler WC and Pettitt DJ. (1998)., Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and alveolar bone loss progression over 2 years., J Periodontol., 69(1), 76-83.
- Watanabe P. C. A., Farman A., Watanabe M. G. D. C. and Issa J. P. M. (2008)., Radiographic signals detection of systemic disease. Orthopantomographic radiography., Int. J. Morphol., 26(4), 915-926.
- Wical K.E and Swoope C. C., Studies of residual ridge resorption Part I use of panoramic radiographs for evaluation and classification of mandibular resorption., J. Prosthet. Dent, 32, 7-12.
- Karaagaclioglu L and Ozkan P. (1994)., Changes in mandibular ridge height in relation to aging and length of edentulism period., Int .J. Prosthodont, 7, 368-371.
- Mandya Somashekar Jagadeesh, Raghunath. A. Patil and Puttaraj T. Kattimani. (2013)., Clinical Evaluation of Mandibular Ridge Height In Relation To Aging and Length of Edentulism., Journal of Dentistry and Medical Science, 3, 4, 44-47.