International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Seasonal Variation of Physico Chemical Parameters in Ground Water of Gwalior City, MP, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Chemistry, SLP Govt. PG College (Jiwaji University), Gwalior, India
  • 2Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Chemistry, SLP Govt. PG College (Jiwaji University), Gwalior, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (6), Pages 1-5, June,2 (2016)


Water pollution is a global problem of urban cities. Its use is universal by man, plants and animals because it is essential for life, health and sanitation. Water required for domestic consumption should be free from suspended and dissolved impurities, bacteria etc. As improper sanitation and lack of suitable drainage system causes ground water pollution in the municipal cities. The present study aims to deals with the ground water quality of Gwalior city which is assessed by examining various physico - chemical parameters. Ground water and municipal supplied water samples were collected from fifteen (15) area in Gwalior city during Pre-monsoon (April, May, June) and Post-monsoon (Oct, Nov, Dec) 2010. The physico chemical parameters such as Temperature, pH, Turbidity, Electrical Conductivity, Total Dissolved Solids, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Dissolved Oxygen, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Total Hardness, Total Alkalinity were analyzed (APHA, 2005) to know the present status of the ground water quality. The results were compared with standards prescribed by ISI 10500-91and WHO (2008).


  1. APHA, (2005), Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Waste Water., 21st Edition. APHA-AWWA-WPCF. Washington, DC.
  2. IS: 10500, (2012), Indian Standard Drinking Water Specification.,
  3. World Health Organization-WHO (2008), Guidelines for drinking water quality (3nd Edition). Volume 1. Surveillance and Control of community supplies., Geneva, Switzerland.
  4. Krishna K Yadav, and Neha Gupta, et al, (2012), Physico-chemical analysis of selected ground water samples of Agra city, India., Recent Research in Science and Technology, 4(11): 51-54.
  5. Veerati Radhika and G. V. Praveen, (2012), Determination of Fluoride Status in Groundwater of Kommala Area of District Warangal (Andhra Pradesh, India), A Case Study, Advances in Applied Science Research, 3 (4):2523-2528.
  6. Datta, P.S. (2005), Ground water ethics for its sustainability., Cerrent Science: 89 (5),
  7. Pandey Sandeep K and Tiwari S. (1995), Physico-chemical analysis of ground water of selected area of Ghazipur city-A case study. Nature and Science. 2009:7(1). Altman, S. J, Parizek, R. R. Dilution of nonpoint source nitrate in ground water., J. Environ. Quality: 24:707-717.
  8. Das N.C., (2013), Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Selected Ground Water Samples of Ballarpur City of Chandrapur District, Maharashtra, India., International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 2(11), 96-100, November
  9. Adekunle A.S. (2009), Effects of Industrial Effluent on Quality of Well Water within Asa Dam Industrial Estate, Ilorin, Nigeria., Nature and Science: 7(1),
  10. Dixit S, Jinwal A, (2008), Pre and post monsoon variation in physio-chemical characteristic in groundwater quality in Bhopal, India., Asian j. Exp. Sci.: 22 (3),
  11. Pagariya S.K. (2012),, Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters of Kolura Pond in Post- Monsoon Season, October 2012., International Journal of Chemical and Physical Sciences, IJCPS, 1(2), Nov-Dec.