International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Pollution of Well Water of Some Areas of the Municipality of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratoire d ′Hydrologie Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques (FAST), Universite d ′Abomey − Calavi, 01 BP: 526 Cotonou, Benin
  • 2Laboratoire de Chimie Inorganique et de lits_use_renewable_energy. Environnement (LACIE), Faculte des sciences et techniques (FAST), Universite dits_use_renewable_energy. Abomey − Calavi,01 BP : 526 Cotonou, Benin
  • 3Laboratoire d ′Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquee (LERCA), Ecole Polytechnique dits_use_renewable_energy. Abomey − Calavi (EPAC), Universite dits_use_renewable_energy. AbomeyCalavi,Benin

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (2), Pages 12-24, February,2 (2016)

Abstract

For the monitoring and control of waterborne diseases, a five-month-prospective-study run from January to March 2012 and from January to February 2013 which objective is the preliminary assessment of the hygienic quality of well water used for drinking and also for domestic activities by residents of some areas of Abomey-Calavi was conducted. A total of 20 water samples collected at 20 wells suspected to be a risk to the health of their users. Bacteriological lab tests reveeled a pollution of all the water wells due to bacteria such as thermotolerant coliforms, intestinal enterococci and total coliforms. This shows that these waters may be responsible for the spread of waterborne diseases. 60% of these waters are polluted by Escherichia coli. The relationship between thermotolerant coliforms and intestinal enterococci showed that the origin of fecal contamination is human-like in 50% of wells, animal type in 5% of the wells and mixed (human and animal) in 5% of the wells studied. Physico-chemically, 50% of water wells tested have a pH lower than normal, all well water analyzed have a redox potential higher than normal and concentrations of lead and zinc in accordance with WHO standards.

References

  1. Mahmond A.A. (1998). Water and Sustainable development: the vision for world water life and the environment. Water policy, 1(1), 9-19. (1998)
  2. Degbey C. (2004). La qualite de l’eau de puits dans lacommune d’Abomey-Calavi et les facteurs exogènes desa pollution. Memoire de fin de formation de DEA,Environnement et Sante Publique FLASH, UAC, Benin
  3. Rose J.B., Epstein P.R., Lipp E.K., Sherman B.H., Bernard S.M. and Patz J.A. (2001) Environmental earth Perspectives, 109(2), 211-221.
  4. Bossou B. (2002) Analyse et esquisse cartographique de la contamination bactriologique de la nappe phratique alimentant les puits traditionnels de la ville de Cotonou et sa banlieue. Mmoire de DESS/MEQUE, FAST, UAC.
  5. Elbaz Poulichet F., Favreau G., Leduc C. and Seidel J.L. (2002) Major in chemitry of ground water in the continental terminal water table of South Western Niger (Africa). Applied Geochemistry, 17(10) 1343-1349.
  6. Rodier J. (1984) Lanalyse de leau. Dunod, Paris.
  7. Losada M., A.V. Trebst, and Arnon D.I. (1960) Photosynthesis by isolated chloroplasts. The Journal of Biological Chemisty, 235(3).
  8. El Haissoufi H., Berrada S., Mazouki M., Aabouch M., Bennami L., Benlemlik M. Idir M, Zanibou A. Bennis Y and El Ouali Lalami A (2011) Pollution des eaux de puits de certains quartiers de la ville de Fes, Maroc. Rev Microbiol, Ind. San et Environn, 5(1) 37-68.
  9. Baba-Moussa A. (1994) Etude de la pollution bactriologique de la nappe phratique partir dune latrine en Afrique subquatoriale. Thse de doctorat s-science techniques. Ecole polytechnique fdrale de lausanne EPEL.
  10. Bardgett D. Richard, Hobbs J. and Phylip Frostegard Asa (1996) Change in soil fungal: Bacterial biomass ratios following reduction in the intensity of management of an unpland grassland.
  11. Uma K.O. (1992) Origine of acid mine drainage in Enugu. Environ Geol water sci., 20(3) 181-194.
  12. Berg D. Rodney (1996) The Indigenons gastrointestinal microflora. Trends in microbiology, 4(11) 430-435
  13. Bristow T. Briand, Summerfect C. Robert and Clayton D. (1996) Rimance of intensively culturel larval walleye in clear, turbid, and colorad water. The progressive Fish-Culturist. 58(1).
  14. Sarin P., Snoeriink V.L., Lytte D.A. and Koriven W.M. (2004) Iron corrosion scales: Model for scale growth, iron release, and colored water formation. Journal of environmental engineering, 130(4).
  15. Hevesy G. (1923) The absorption and translocation of lead by plants: A contribution to the method of radioactive indicators in the investigation of the change of substance in plants. Biochemical Journal, 17(4-5) 439-445.
  16. Manceau A., Marcus M.A., Tamura N., Proux O., Geoffroy N. and Lanson B. (2004) Natural spciation of Zn at the micrometer scale in a clayey soil using X-ray flurorescence, absorption and diffraction. Geochimica and Cosmochemica Acta., 68(11) 2467-2483.
  17. Ministre Franais du Dveloppement Durable et des Parcs (2015) La qualit de leau de mon puits. www.m.d.de.p.gouv.qc.ca/eau/potable/depleant/index
  18. Borrego J.J., Cornax R and Morinigo M.A. (1987)Coliphages as an indicator of faecal pollution in water their survival and productive infectivity in natural aquatic environments. Water Research., 21(12) 1473-1480.