Biosurfactants and their Screening Methods
- 1Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla-171 005, India
- 2Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla-171 005, India
- 3Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla-171 005, India
- 4Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla-171 005, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 39-43, October,2 (2016)
Biosurfactant screening is a concept of primary methods which are easy and essential to detect surfactant properties of the molecules produced by variety of organisms, using carbon as a substrate. There are different direct/indirect screening methods including oil spreading, hemolysis activity, E24 index etc. which provides valuable information about surfactant properties of molecules. Biological molecules having screening properties are considered as biosurfactants. Biosurfactants are a large group of microbial synthesized surface active, amphiphilic molecule having many advantages over surfactants synthesized chemically. They are differentiated according to their molecular weight, structure and properties. Biosurfactants could be synthesised biologically on cell membrane or sometimes outside the cell membrane. There are number of properties of biosurfactants which makes it distinct and valuable from other molecules.
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