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Taxonomic Status of Spiders in Mehsana District North Gujarat, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biology, Navyug Science College, Surat, Gujrat, INDIA
  • 2 Merchant Science College, Gadha, Gujrat, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (IYSC-2015), Pages 30-35, September,2 (2015)

Abstract

The ecological study was conducted in Mehsana district, north Gujarat. The climate of a study area is tropical arid to semi arid. It is strongly periodical and seasonal. Overall the spider faunal status, occurrence and abundance are found rich in Mehsana district. It is due to its topography, climatic condition, and agriculture practice. 90 species were identified belonging to 46 genera and 18 families. Majority of available species belong to hunting group. Of the highest count of 18 families, maximum genera are of families Salticidae and Araneidae. Hippasa pisaurina, Pocoek is a pre dominant species in a district. Maximum population is found in Early Monsoon and during cold and dry season the population is very low. The impact of food availability, temperature, crop calendar and seasonal fluctuation has been observed on diversified population in different habitat of spiders. Habitat preference is very specific to different families. e.g. Areneidae family member are restricted to farmland.

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