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Archeology and Architectural Aesthetics of Jannat-sara Mosque and Haramkhana, two buildings located within the monument Sheikh Safi al-din Ardabili, Ardabil world heritage, in Iran

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Archaeology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (9), Pages 97-106, September,2 (2015)


ShaykhAbu'l-FathIshaq, known as Safi al-Din Ardabili (b. 1252/3), is the eponymous founder of the Safawiyya order of Sufiism and is hence considered the founder of the Safavid Dynasty. Upon his death in 1334, he was buried in a tomb tower adjoining his khanqah outside the city walls of Ardabil. His burial site became a center of pilgrimage soon after, one richly endowed by Safavid rulers, many of whom were also buried there. The Dar al-Huffaz was built after Shaykh Safi's death at the end of the fourteenth century by his son or grandson. The rectangular prayer hall is 8.9 meters by 5.8 meters, but with the approximately 3-meter-deep alcoves on either of the long sides, the dimensions of the entire structure are approximately 11.5 meters long by 6 meters wide. There are different guesses about this massive building, some have compared it, with pantoenazsyahan. Other group believe that a simple local worship same design ideas about it. Some others believed that this octagonal perhaps a shrine of a king and maybe many people could be burden there. Some Sufis consider hypothesis raalqeramyadan, another place that the majority of sufi ritual jannatstabysh ovation in islamic architecture or Lage stones or get the chance to dance in mystic Darvish when rock was [bok-tashy] field. The oldest element of the complex was built by Shaykh Safi himself, as a tomb for his oldest son, Muhiy al-Din, who died in 1324, during the Shaykh's lifetime. In addition to Shaykh Safi's eldest son, his wife, daughter, and perhaps other relatives are also buried in the Haram-khana. It can be assumed that the structure already functioned as a memorial during Shaykh Safi's lifetime.


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