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Prevalence of Suicide Attempts by Patients and Its Related Factors in Emergency Rooms of Kerman Medical Hospitals

Author Affiliations

  • 1Psychiatry Department, Shahid Beheshti hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IRAN
  • 2Institue of Neuropharmachology, Psychiatry Department, Shahid Beheshti hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IRAN
  • 3Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IRAN
  • 4Neuroscience Research Center, Institue of Neuropharmachology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (8), Pages 30-36, August,2 (2015)


Today, suicide is known as a social problem in different countries and this problem has different reasons depending on cultural and social fabric of countries. So exploration of these reasons is essential for taking action to prevent further suicide attempts. This study was designed to determine the frequency of suicide attempts referred to emergency room of educational hospital of Kerman. In this cross sectional study, all suicide attempts referred to emergency room of educational hospital of Kerman were evaluated by 2 separate questionnaires related to demographic variables and suicide characteristics and “Beck Depression Inventory”. Data were analyzed by SPSS and descriptive statistic and Chi square test and T-test. 72% of 100 cases were female. 16 cases have moderate and 16 have severe depression and others have mild or minimal depression. The most frequent age group was 20-40 year old and the most frequent method was abusing drugs. Among drugs, NSAIDs have higher frequency. The frequency of suicide was higher among low educated (43%), history of suicide and psychiatric disorder (p=0.02) and history of psychiatric hospitalization (p=0.00001). Single people were significantly more depressed (P=0.04). The most frequent suicide triggers were family dispute, love failure and unemployment.It seems that the risk of suicide attempt in low educated single women was higher in comparison with others and single people have higher risk of depression and suicide so that more attention should be directed at theses populations.


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