International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A Comparison between Facial Emotional Expressions Recognition in Children with High Function Autismand typical7 to 11 years peers

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Shahid-Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
  • 2Department of Occupational Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
  • 3Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
  • 4Deptt. of Psychology of Exceptional Students, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 18-25, June,2 (2015)


Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuraldevelopmental-cognitive disordercharacterized by problems in thinking, feeling, language, and communicating with others.The process of understanding feeling and others` facial emotion is considered as an important factor in social performance. In other words, Social cognition is an effective factor in social performance implicated mental operations as the basis of interactions. The main purpose of the present study is to compare the facial expressions recognition in childrenwith High Function ASD (HF ASD) and Typical Developing (TD) 7 to 11 years peers. The statistical sample includes 28 children withHF ASDboys and 28 TDaged 7-11 years which are at the same level in terms of age and intelligence (practical, verbal and overall). The facial expression of neutral, fear and surprise have been compared using researcher-made task in MATLAB software. The obtained data has been analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and independent t-test through SPSS software, version 19.


  1. Evers K, Noens I, Steyaert J and Wagemans J, Combining strengths and weaknesses in visual perception of children with an autism spectrum disorder: Perceptual matching of facial expressions, Research Spectrum Disorders, 5(4), 1327-42 (2011)
  2. Hadjikhani N, Mirror neuron system and autism, In: Carlisle PC. Progress in Autism Research, York, Nova Science, 151-66 (2007)
  3. _Golan O, Ashwin E, Granader Y, McClintock S, Day K and Leggett V et al, Enhancing emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum conditions: An intervention using animated vehicles with real emotional faces, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders40(3), 269-79( 2010)
  4. Harms MB, Martin A and Wallace GL, Farecognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies20(3), 290-322 (2010)
  5. Uljarevic M and Hamilton A, Recognition of Emotions in Autism: A Formal Meta-Analysis, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(7), 1517-26 ( 2013)
  6. Ashwin C., Chapman E., Colle L. and Baron-Cohen S, Impaired recognition of negative basic emotions in autism: A test of the amygdala theory, Social Neuroscience, 1(3-4), 349-63 (2006)
  7. Baron-cohen S, Spitz A and Cross P, Do children with autism recognise surprise? A research note, Cognition and Emotion,7(6), 507-16 (1993)
  8. Ehlers S, Gillberg C and Wing L, A screening questionnaire for Asperger syndrome and other high-functioning autism spectrum disorders in school age children, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(2), 129-41 (1999)
  9. Oldfield RC, The Assessment and Analysis of Handedness: The Edinburgh Enventory, Neuropsychologia, 9, 97-113 (1971)
  10. Shahim S, Investigation of short forms children Wechsler scale for use in Iran, Persian, Humanities and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, 9(2), 67-80 (1994)
  11. Sattler JM., Assessment of children: Cognitive applications (4th edition), San Diego, CA: Jerome M Sattler Publisher Inc, (2001)
  12. Minshew NJ., Turner CA. and Goldstein G., The application of short forms of the Wechsler intelligence scales in adults and children with high functioning autism, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(1), 45-52 (2005)
  13. Kasehchi M., Validity and reliability of persian version of high-functioning Autism Spectrum Screening Questionaire age7-12 (ASSQ) (Persian), Tehran: University of Social Walfare and Rehabilitation, 16-20 (2012)
  14. Alipoor AAM, The validity and reliability of Edinburgh handedness inventory in Iran (Persian), Journal of Psychological Science, 6(2), 117-33 (2007)
  15. Langner O., Dotsch R., Bijlstra G., Wigboldus DH., Hawk ST. and Van Knippenberg A., Presentation and validation of the Radboud Faces Database, Cognition and Emotion,24(8), 1377-88 (2010)
  16. Baron-Cohen S., Golan O. and Ashwin E., Can emotion recognition be taught to children with autism spectrum conditions?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1535) , 3567-74 (2009)
  17. Ekman P and Friesen WV, Unmasking the face: A guide to recognising emotions from facial expressions, Malor ed: Los Altos CA, 23-27 (2003)
  18. Drake JE., Redash A., Coleman K., Haimson J. and Winner E., Autistic local processing bias also found in children gifted in realistic drawing, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(6), 762-73 (2010)
  19. Schultz RT., Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: The role of the amygdala and fusiform face area, International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23(2), 125-41 ( 2005)
  20. Muhammad Hussain, Sajid Ali Khan, Nadeem Ullah, Naveed Riaz and Muhammad Nazir, Computationally Efficient Invariant Facial Expression Recognition, Res. J. Recent Sci., 3(2), 61-68 (2014)
  21. Hicham Mokhtari, Idir Belaidi and Said Alem, Performance Comparison of Face Recognition Algorithms based on face image Retrieval, Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(12), 65-73 (2013)
  22. Parvin Genji and Mahmoud Yaghoubi Doust, Examining the Effect of the Social Confidence, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 2(9), 25-28 (2013)
  23. Alamgir Amjad Ali, Sajjad Ahmad Khan, Dost Muhammad Khan and Umair Khalil, A New Efficient Redescending M- Estimator: Alamgir Redescending M-estimator, Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(8), 79-91 (2013)
  24. Iyer K. and Khan Z.A., Depression: A Review, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(4), 79-87 (2012)