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Studying and Localization Urban Squares and Boulevards Emphasizing on Urban Furniture Approach: Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Zahedan branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 88-98, June,2 (2015)


Over the decades, inadequate development of Iran and rapid growth of cities without providing required infrastructures have caused many negative outputs in different parts of cities. In this regard, organizing urban areas and public applications of them such as urban furniture would be considered as the useful achievements. These achievements aim in improving quality of urban areas and meeting different need of citizens. The present study has been aimed at studying and localization two concepts of urban squares and boulevards that would be considered as the most valuable elements of urban furniture. The case study would be conducted on Zahedan Iran. The present study has been in kind of scientific study considering its objective; it has been descriptive-analytical in terms of nature; and finally the study has been in kind of descriptive-comparative research. Data collection method has been through library, questionnaire, survey method, and analysis method. The applied method has been comparative-analytical method, through which urban squares and boulevards have been evaluated and adapted to common standards after selecting sample size through Cochran Equation and field perception in place. According to obtained results from t student-test and p-value of 0.000 and P0.05, H0 would be rejected and both two hypotheses of “non-standard squares and boulevards”; and “inadequate localization of some squares and boulevards” have been confirmed. Moreover, squares and boulevards in Zahedan would have no effect on elegance of urban furniture. Applied materials in squares and boulevards have not been also adapted to climate of Zahedan. The author has offered that common standards of construction and localization of squares and boulevards and reinforcement of green space would be important elements of urban areas due to climate and usage of local plants of the region. Reinforcing and beatifying the two mentioned elements and finally providing a pleasant environment for spending free times for citizens and also supplying security for urban transportation have been also suggested by the present study.


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