International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Allomorphy in Persian Past Stems

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of English, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 36-41, November,2 (2015)


Since Persian has some puzzling cases with regard to the past simple stems (i.e the stems Type II), this study focuses on the morphological treatment of the allomorphy of these verbs. This has been a long-standing issue in morphology addressed in various analyses till now. The one which is going to be described in the current article seems to work approximately well within Optimality Theory. With the evidence of phonological conditioning, the distribution of various morphs appears not to be entirely morphological in character. This study proposes an Output-Oriented morphology in which morphological processes are encoded in FIAT constraints, a type of constraint, and interact with the familiar Faithfulness constraints of Optimality Theory.


  1. Farshidvard Kh, Verbs, verbal groups and their developments in the Persian language, Tehran: Soroush Publications (2004)
  2. Ghomeshi J., Morphophonemic alternations in Persian verbs, Unpublished manuscript, University of Toronto (1992)
  3. Lazard G., A grammar of contemporary Persian. (ShLyons, Trans.). Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers. (First published 1957 as Grammaire du Persancontemporain, Paris: Klinksieck) , (1992)
  4. Pishro M., Simple verbs, stems, and infinitives in Persian: A survey on differences between spoken and written forms of simple verbs, Masterís thesis, University of Tehran, Iran (1979)
  5. Tabatabayi A., Persian simple verbs and word formations. Tehran: Markaz-e Nashr-e Daneshgahi Publications (1997)
  6. Rasouli Khorshidi H. and Rangasawmy S., Internal/External modifiers in request speech act among Iranian study abroad learners, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 3(5), 55-64 (2014)
  7. IntakhabAlam kh., Effectiveness of blended learning for teaching of English: An exploratory study, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 3(3), 78-85 (2014)
  8. Benua L., Transderivational identity: Phonological relations between words, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (1997)
  9. Kager R., Optimality Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press (2004)
  10. Kenstowicz M., Base-identity and uniform exponence: Alternatives to cyclicity. In J. Durand and B. Laks (Eds.),Current trends in phonology: Models and methods (pp. 363-393), Paris-X and Salford: University of Salford Publications (1996)
  11. Kiparsky P., Paradigm effects and opacity, California: Ms. Stanford (1998)
  12. MacBride A.I., A constraint-based approach to morphology, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, United States (2004)
  13. Ghomeshi J., Projection and inflection: A study of Persian phrase structure, Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, University of Toronto, Canada (1996)
  14. Pooya A., Barfoei H.R, Kargozar N. and Maleki F., Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Conflict Management Strategies, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 2(7) 37-42 (2013)
  15. Bora A., Science Communication through Mass Media, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 1(1), 10-15 (2012)
  16. Sadia K. and Muhammad Z., Humanitarian Intervention: A New Perspective, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,3(1), 97-102 (2014)