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Introducing the Effectiveness of Group Training of Hope on the rate of Hope and Fear of Failure among Female Martial Artists

Author Affiliations

  • 1Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Borojerd, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 88-94, November,2 (2015)


The purpose of this research it to investigate the effectiveness of group training of hope on increasing of hope and decreasing fear of failure among female martial artists who referred to Khoram Abad clubs. This study is a semi-experimental research using pre-and post-test with control group applied on female martial artists of 18 to 35 years old in Khoram Abad city that were selected using random sampling method. At first the Snyderís hope test and Kenís fear of failure test were performed on participants and then 24 individuals that acquired the least score in the hope and the most score in fear of failure test were selected. From among these individuals 12 individuals were selected using simple random selection for experimental group and 12 individuals were selected for control group. Hope therapy treatment was performed on two experimental and control groups, 10 seasons, each session 2 hours in a week. To analyze data covariance analysis was used. Result of covariance analysis showed that there is a significant difference between averages scores of experimental and control group. Therefore, group training of hope was influential on the rate of hope and fear of failure among female martial artists and the follow up result had a sufficient stability.


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