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Roles and Responsibilities of Local Governments (Councils) in Iran: Analytical Underpinnings

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Law, Payame- Noor University, Tehran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (9), Pages 94-101, September,2 (2014)


This article explores the functions and structure of Iran local councils. Local councils are elected by public vote to 4-year terms in all cities and villages of Iran. According to principle 7 in Iran's Constitution law, these local councils together with the Parliament are "decision-making and administrative organs of the State". This section of the constitution was not implemented until 1999 when the first local council elections were held across the country. Councils have many different responsibilities including electing mayors, supervising the activities of municipalities; studying the social, cultural, educational, health, economic, and welfare requirements of their constituencies; planning and coordinating national participation in the implementation of social, economic, constructive, cultural, and educational and other welfare affair. In this article try to explain the structure and functions of Local councils in Iran.


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