International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Interactive Relationship between the Dimensions of Social Capital and Entrepreneurial Orientation with Respect to the Characteristics Approach (Case Study: City of Tabriz, Iran)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Young Researchers and Elite Club, Pars Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pars Abad, IRAN
  • 2Department of Management, East Azarbaijan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (4), Pages 112-120, April,2 (2014)


The present study examined the relationship between social capital and entrepreneurialism according to the approach of characteristics. The study sample consisted of residents of Tabriz (Iran). The population considered by morgan and more reliable, with 400 participants were recruited to the study. The data collection method is field studies and library research. In order to collect data from field studies of social capital and entrepreneurship questionnaire was used. The face validity of the questionnaire was reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha for the social capital questionnaire and 0.83 and 0.93 were reached. To test the research hypotheses of this study, multiple Regression and Pearson's correlation coefficient was used. Data were analyzed by 18 SPSS software. The results showed: significant positive relationship between entrepreneurship and social capital, there is a range of trust, cooperation, participation have a significant impact on entrepreneurship. There is a significant positive relationship between the influence of emotion and personality characteristics related to entrepreneurship such as risk taking, internal locus of control and pragmatism. This means that the effect of reinforcing a sense of personality characteristics related to entrepreneurship such as risk, internal control and pragmatism pragmatism will also increase.


  1. Anheier H.K. Gerhard F.P., Social capital and social structure in cultural field, American Journal of Sociology, 100(4), 98-116 (1995)
  2. Stones R., Key sociological thinkers, London, Macmillan press, Theodorson G.A. & theodorson.A.G.1969, Modern dictionary of sociology theory, New York, Crowell (1998)
  3. Bourdieu P., The forms of capital, In john G. Richardson Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of Education, New York, Greenwood Press (1986)
  4. Turner J.H., The structure of sociological theory, New York, Wades worth publishing company (1998)
  5. Dinello N., Forms of capital the case of Russian bankers, International sociology, 3(3), 291-310 (1998)
  6. Guillory J., Bourdieu’s refusal, Modern language quarterly, 58(4), 367-398 (1997)
  7. Fokoyama F., End of organization, translated by Gholamabbas Tavassoli, Jameye Iran Publication (2000)
  8. Putnam R.D., Bowling alone-The collapse and revival of American community, New York: Simon & Schuster (2000)
  9. Lin N., Social capital, Cambridge University Press (2001)
  10. Woolcock M., Social capital and Econmic development, Toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework, Theory and society, 27(2) 151-208 (1998)
  11. Knack S., Social capital Growth and poverty: A survey and extensions, Social capital initiative working paper, Social development department, Washington DC, World Ban (1999)
  12. Shareh-pour M. and Hosseini Raad A., Investigating the relationship between social capital and athletic partnership, The Movement journal, 37, 131-135 (2008)
  13. Grootaert C. and Vanbstelaer T. Understanding measuring social capital, World Bank Washington DC (2002)
  14. Jahangiri A. and Mobaraki M. H., Presenting a suitable framework in the state entrepreneurship, Improving Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(3), 35-60 (2009)
  15. Tahmasebi R., An introduction to the theories of state management, Tehran, Samt publications (2011)
  16. Osbourne D. and Ted G., Recreating the government, How the spirit of entrepreneurship can revolutionize the government, translated by Fazlollah Amini, Farda Publications (1992)
  17. Pashayi Fakhri K. and et al, The Study of the Effect of Personality and Psychological Traits Approach and the Rate of Entrepreneurship, Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(4) 4159-4162 (2012)
  18. Ahmadpour Dariani A., Entrepreneurship: definitions, theories and models, Tehran, Pardis 57 Publications (2007)
  19. Ahmadpour Dariani A. and Mogimi M., The basics of entrepreneurship, Tehran, Farandish publications (2007)
  20. Holt D., Entrepreneurship: New Venture Creation, New Delhi: Prentice-Hall (2002)
  21. Kuratko D. and Hodgetts R. Entrepreneurship: A Contemporary Approach, (3rd ed). NY: The Dryden press (1989)
  22. Jenings D. Multiple Perspectives of Entrepreneurship, Cincinnati: South-Western Publishing Co. (1994)
  23. McClelland D., The Achieving Society, Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand (1961)
  24. Taslimi M. S. Monavarian A. and Ashena M. Investigating the relationship between social capital and business entrepreneurship, The journal of management culture, 4(14), 27-56 (2006)
  25. Kamran F. and Ershadi, X., Investigating the relationship between the network of social capital and Psychological health, The journal of social research, 2(3), 29-54 (2009)
  26. Heidaripour E. and et al, Investigating the relationship between social capital and economic development: inter-country analysis, Scientific journal of research on new perspectives on human geography, 4(2), 1-10 (2012)
  27. Emami M., Darabi M. and Ahmadi, S., Investigating the relationship between social capital and organizational entrepreneurship: Case study of state organizations associated with the ministry of economics and estate in the city of Kermanshah, The national conference of entrepreneurship and knowledge-based vocations and trades, Aban (2012)
  28. Ghanimat P. and et al., The Study of the Effect of Demographic traits on the Rate of Entrepreneurship (Case Study: Tabriz Islamic Azad University Students), Journal of Basic and AppliedScientific Research, 2(3), 3103-3113 (2012)
  29. Masomi, E. and et al., The Relationship between Organizational Climate Dimensions and Corporate Entrepreneurship (Case Study: Meshkinshahr Payam Noor University), Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 2(11), (2013)
  30. Khaki G.R., Research methodology with thesis writing approaches, Tehran, Baaztab Publications (2011)
  31. Atazade Y. Iranzadeh S. and Jabbari Khamaneh H., Effective Internal strategic factors on customer satisfaction from the perspective of organization’s managers in Tabriz travel agencies, Research Journal of Recent Sciences(2013)
  32. Beheshti V. Iranzadeh S. and Jabbari Khamaneh H., Survey on the Impact of Financial Payment on Employees’ Motivation (Case Study: Ardebil Melli(National) Bank), Research Journal of Recent Sciences,2(8),(2013)
  33. Masomi E. and et al., Survey on the role of knowledge management on the quality of working life (Case Study: Islamic Azad University, Pars Abad Branch), Research Journal of Recent Sciences,2(11),(2013)
  34. Sarmad Z. and et al, Research methodology in behavioral sciences, Tehran, Aghaah Publications (2006)
  35. Sakaran O., Research methodology in management, translated by Mohammad Saebi & Mahmud Shirazi, Tehran, The Publications of the high institute of management research and organization, 3rd edition (2005)
  36. Momeni M., Statistical analysis using spss, Tehran: Ketabe No Publications (2008)
  37. Ghafari Ashtiani P., Representing a model for evaluating the affective factors on positive verbal advertisement in the market, Doctoral dissertation in trade management, Tehran Azad University (2008)
  38. Heydarzadeh J. Jabbari H. and Ghodrati H., The Study of The Relationship Between Product Market Competition and Capital Structure of Companies Which is accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 2(12), (2013)