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Role of ICT in Climate Change Monitoring: A review Study of ICT based Climate Change Monitoring Services

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Computer Science, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology Karachi, PAKISTAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (12), Pages 123-130, December,2 (2014)

Abstract

The word ‘Climate Change” is not as simple and small in meaning as it seen. It exhibits dangerous and alarming consequences. Climate changes is continuous process from East to West, North to South, Soil to Sky, Water to Air, Forest to Desert, Ocean to Mountains, in fact everywhere. Climate change Monitoring (CCM) is the phenomena to observe and record climate changes and put forward them for decision makers or domain experts to prevent environment, avoid or at least prepare for different kinds of natural disasters, to prevent contamination of various precious natural resources including water, air and soil etc. Rapid advancement of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is blessing for mankind and incorporation of this revolutionary technology in serving mankind in diverse domain is remarkable. Use of ICT in climate change mitigation, adoption and monitoring not only replacing the conventional techniques and systems also adding great accuracy, reliability and flexibility also provide diverse choices in related domain. ICT Technology is contributing in variety of domain, similarly these fruitful technologies using in Climates changes observation, Climate changes monitoring and climates changes adaptation as well as in Disaster Management. ICT based application can help in reducing climate changes impacts on environment. By using ICT in climate monitoring specially, provide real time observation, reduce cost, decrease power consumption, lively tracking, real time data processing and analysis etc. This review study evaluates how widely ICT and ICT based applications can be used in mitigation, adoption and monitoring of climate changes in developed and developing countries.

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