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Fire Safety Assessment on Seven Flooring Materials

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Special Engineering, Mikomix, Družinská 897, Rosina, SLOVAKIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (10), Pages 59-62, October,2 (2014)


Seven flooring material were tested in order to find out their properties from fire safety point of view. Following three indexes were measured: mass loss, flame spread rate and emissions of CO, NOx, SO2, O2 were monitored. The fire safety characteristics of synthetic materials are mostly negative due to faster mass loss comparing to the natural materials. Based on the results one of the materials is no more recommended for the use due to health and safety risk character. Fast mass loss in hand with its toxic emissions of phthalates and dioxin make PVC a very risky flooring material. We do not recommend its use. Nylon (polyamide) carpets should be not used due to their high flammability. Wooden based floorings such an oak parquet, spruce board, OSB boards are high recommended. Linoleum and Laminate floorings, especially due to low flammability are recommended, too.


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