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Traditional Method of Storing Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) Seeds Using Red Soil

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Institute of Biothermal Technology, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, CHINA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (10), Pages 48-52, October,2 (2014)


Post-harvest storage of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan. L) seeds is susceptible to insect infestation, therefore seed viability deteriorates rapidly during storage and cause considerable economic loss. In the present investigation, we studied the effects of a traditional method using red soil in storing pigeonpea seeds over two years. Seeds at the time of collection germinated to 85 ± 6.9%. Results of seed storage experiments showed that 58 ± 8.1% of seeds coated with red soil were viable after 6 months and 44 ±7.9% of the seeds germinated after 12 months of storage. Sun-dried seeds stored under laboratory condition germinated only to 14 ± 5.7% and 4 ± 3.4% after 6 and 12 months respectively. However, after one year of storage the number of viable seeds is very low and no statistically significant difference in germination (P>0.05) was observed between red soil coated and sundried seeds stored in room temperature. We observed seeds coated with red soil were completely dry, a reason attributable to less insect infestation. Given its easy use and better efficacy compared to solar heating method reported previously, we expect this cost-effective technique will serve as a reliable way for storing pigeonpea seeds.


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