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Obesity Assessment Based on BMI in the Young Adults of Haryana- A State of India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Deptt. of Foods and Nutrition, College of Home Science, CCSHAU Hissar, Haryana, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (ISC-2012), Pages 304-307, February,2 (2013)

Abstract

Over the past 20 years a dramatic transition has altered the diet and health of hundreds of millions of people across the third world. In India, like most developing nations, obesity has emerged as a more serious health threat than hunger. The change of lifestyle and dietary habits is leading to the global paradox of obesity and malnutrition. The present study was planned with the objective to assess the nutritional status of the youth (18-21 yrs.) of Haryana state (India) using BMI, body fat per cent and waist to hip ratio as indicating parameters. A questionnaire was developed and pretested on 100 respondents. Appropriate changes were made in consultation with Statistician and subject experts. Seven districts namely Karnal, Panchkula, Ambala, Sirsa, Hisar, Sonipat and Rohtak from the Haryana state of India were (n=1482) studied. Students from private and government colleges who volunteered for the study were chosen as subjects. Of the total, 612 students mentioned family income below Rs. 30,000/- per month, 742 students had family income between 30,000 - 1,00,000/- month and 128 students had monthly family income above Rs.1,00,000/-. Majority (61.74 per cent) of students were categorized as normal/healthy weight based on their BMI, 23.01 per cent were under weight, 12.35 per cent were overweight while only 43 students (2.90 per cent) were categorized as obese. When considered gender wise, 18.95 per cent of male and 26.17 per cent of female students were underweight, while 16.64 and 14.16 per cent respectively were found to be overweight/obese. Body fat per cent correlated well with BMI categories but waist to hip ratio was contained within normal limits in all categories..

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