6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

An Overview on the Influence of Nano Silica in Concrete and a Research Initiative

Author Affiliations

  • 1 CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, CSIR Campus, Taramani, Chennai, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (ISC-2012), Pages 17-24, February,2 (2013)


Nano science and technology is a new field of emergence in materials science and engineering, which forms the basis for evolution of novel technological materials. Nano technology finds application in various fields of science and technology. This article presents a critical review of the literature on the influence of nano silica in concrete and its application for the development of sustainable materials in the construction industry and to study the pore filling effect and its pozzolanic activity with cement towards improvement of mechanical properties and durability aspects. Thus, there is a scope for development of crack free concrete towards sustainable construction.


  1. Sanchez F. and Sobolev K., Nano Technology in concrete - a review, Constr. Build Mater., 24, 2060-71 (2010)
  2. Bjornstrom J., Martinelli A., Matic A., Borjesson L. and I. Panas, Accelerating effects of colloidal nano-silica for beneficial calcium–silicate–hydrate formation in cement, Chemical Physics Letters, 392, 242–248 (2004)
  3. Ji T., Preliminary study on the water permeability and microstructure of concrete incorporating nano-SiO2, Cem. and Con. Res., 35, 1943–1947 (2005)
  4. Ye Qing, Zenan Z., Deyu K. and Ch. Rongshen, Influence of nano-SiO2 addition on properties of hardened cement paste as compared with silica fume, Constr. Build Mater., 21, 539–545 (2007)
  5. Jo Byung-Wan, Kim Chang-Hyun, Lim Jae-Hoon, Characteristics of cement mortar with nano-SiO2 particles, ACI Mat. Jl., 104(4), 404-407 (2007)
  6. Gaitero J.J., Campillo I. and Guerrero A., Reduction of the calcium leaching rate of cement paste by addition of silica nano particles, Cem. and Con. Res., 38, 1112–1118 (2008)
  7. Sololev K., Engineering of Silica nano particles for optimal performance in nano cement based materials: Nano Technology in Construction, Proceedings of the NICOM3, Prague, 139-148 (2009)
  8. Senff L., Hotza D., Repette W.L., Ferreira V.M. and Labrincha J.A., Mortars with nano-SiO2 and micro-SiO2 investigated by experimental design”, Constr. Build Mater, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat. 2010.01.012. (2010)
  9. Senff L., Labrincha J.A., Ferreira V.M., Hotza D. and Repette W.L, Effect of nanosilica on rheology and fresh properties of cement pastes and mortars, Constr. Build Mater., 23, 2487–2491 (2009)
  10. Khanzadi M, Mohsen Tadayon , Hamed Sepehri and Mohammad Sepehri, Influence of Nano-Silica Particles on Mechanical Properties and Permeability of Concrete, Second Intl. Conf. on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, June 28-30, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy, (2010)
  11. Lin K.L., Chang W.C., Lin D.F., Luo H.L and Tsai M.C, Effects of nano-SiO2 and different ash particle sizes on sludge ash–cement mortar, Jl. of Environ. Manage., 88, 708–714 (2008)
  12. Li G., Properties of high-volume fly ash concrete incorporating nano-SiO2, Cem. and Con. Res., 34, 1043–1049 (2004)
  13. Lin D.F., Lin K.L., Chang W.C., Luo H.L and Cai M.Q., Improvements of nano SiO2 on sludge/fly ash mortar, Waste Management, 28(6), 1081-1087 (2008) , 17-24 (2013)
  14. Yazdi A.D., Sohrabi M.R., Ghasemi M.R., Mohammad Danesh-Yazdi, Investigation of Nano-SiO2 Effects on High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete, 1st International Conference on Concrete Technology, Iran (2009)
  15. Sadrmomtazi A., Barzegar A., Assessment of the effect of Nano-SiO2 on physical and mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete containing rice husk ash, Second Intl. Conf. on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, June 28-30, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy (2010)
  16. Nazari A. and Riahia S., Splitting tensile strength of concrete using ground granulated blast furnace slag and SiO2 nanoparticles as binder, Energy and Buildings, 43(4), 864-872 (2011)
  17. Byung Wan Jo, Chang Hyun Kim, and Jae Hoon Lim, Investigations on the Development of Powder Concrete with Nano-SiO2 Particles, KSCE Journal, 11(1), 37-42 (2007)
  18. Jo Byung-Wan, Kim Chang-Hyun, and Lim Jae-Hoon, Characteristics of cement mortar with nano-SiO2 particles, ACI Mat. Jl., 104(4), 404-407 (2007)
  19. Min-Hong Zhang, Jahidul Islam and Sulapha Peethemparan, Use of nano silica to increase early strength and reduce setting time of concretes with high volumes of slag, Cem. and Con. Compo., 34, 650-662 (2012)
  20. Min-Hong Zhang, Jahidul Islam, Use of nano silica to reduce setting time and increase early strength of concretes with high volumes of fly ash or slag, Constr. Build Mater., 29, 573–580 (2012)
  21. Mastafa Jalal, Esmaeel Mansouri, Mohammad Aharifipour, Ali Reza Pouladkhan, Mechanical, rheological, durability and micro structural properties of high performance self compacting concrete containing SiO2 micro and nanoparticles, Materials and Design, 34, 389-400 (2012)
  22. Hou P et al., Modification effects of colloidal nano SiO2 on cement hydration and its gel property, Composites: Part B, http://dx.doi.org/10.10.16/j.compositesb. 2012.05.056, (2012)
  23. Stefanidou M., Papayanni I., Influence of nano- SiO2 on the Portland cement pastes, Composites : Part B, 43, 2706-2710 (2012)
  24. Berra M., Carassiti F., Mangialardi T., Paolini A.E., Sebastini M., Effect of nanosilica addition on workability and compressive strength of Portland cement pastes, Constr. Build Mater., 35, 666-675 (2012)
  25. Kontoleontos F., Tsakiridis P.E., Marinos A., Kaloidas V., Katsioti M., Influence of colloidal nano silica on ultrafine cement hydration: Physiochemical and micro-structural characterization, Constr. Build Mater., 35, 347-360 (2012)
  26. Feldman R.F., Sereda P.J., A model for hydrated Portland cement paste as deduced from sorption-length change and mechanical properties, Materials and Structures, 6, 509-519 (1968)