International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Flower numbers, Pod production, Pollen viability are Reduced with Flower and Pod abortion increased in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Heat stress

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University Jabalpur, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (ISC-2012), Pages 116-119, February,2 (2013)


In chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) the sowing time may vary in different locations depending on the temperatures experienced at different stages of crop development. It is well adapted within temperature range of 30/15oC (day maximum and night minimum) for optimum growth and pod filling. The crop often experiences abnormally high temperature (>35o C) and atmospheric heat stress during reproductive stage. A large number of germplasm were physiologically characterized for thermo tolerance and screening techniques developed based on flower drop %, and pollen fertility. The objective of this research is to study the effect of high temperature during pre- and post-anthesis stages of flower development on pollen viability, flower number, pod abortion, pollen tube growth and pod set. The plants were evaluated under two contrasting environments viz., normal and late planting. For which thirty promising genotypes were grown under three replications in RBD. High temperatures reduced pod set by reducing pollen viability and increased the flower drop percentage. Pollen from tolerant promising lines (ICC 3325 and JG 21) was fully viable at 35/20oC. The result obtained from present investigation suggested that selection for physiological traits such as pollen viability could not only improve the heat tolerance of chickpea but can also boost up the crop production under climate change, in addition to pod abortion, flower abortion is an important factor limiting yield in chickpea


  1. Leport L., Turner N.C., French R.J., Barr M.D., Duda R., Davies S.L., Tennant D. and Siddique K.H.M., Physiological responses of chickpea genotypes to terminal drought in a Mediterranean-type environment, European Journal of Agronomy 11, 279-291 (1999)
  2. Leport L., Turner N.C., Davies S.L. and Siddique K.H.M., Variation in pod production and abortion among chickpea cultivars under terminal drought, European Journal of Agronomy, 24, 236-246 (2006)
  3. Malhotra R.S., Pundir R.P.S and Slinkard A.E., Genetic resources of chickpea. In: Saxena MC, Singh KB, editors, The chickpea. Aberystwyth, UK: CAB International, 67-8 (1982)
  4. Siddique K.H.M., Brinsmead R.B., Knight R., Knights E.J., Paull J.G. and Rose I.A., Adaptation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to Australia. In: Knight R, editor. Linking research and marketing opportunities for pulses in the 21st century. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 289-303 (2000)
  5. Turner N.C., Adaptation to drought: lessons from studies with chickpea, Indian Journal of Plant Physiology (Special issue) 11–17 (2003)
  6. Turner N.C., Agronomic options for improving rainfall-use efficiency of crop in dryland farming systems, Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2413-2425, (2004)
  7. Turner N.C., Abbo S., Berger J.D., Chaturvedi S.K., French R.J., Ludwig C., Mannur D.M., Singh S.J. and Yadava H.S., Osmotic adjustment in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) results in no yield benefit under terminal drought, Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 187-194 (2006)
  8. Xiangwen Fang, Neil C. Turner, Guijun Yan, Fengmin and Kadambot H.M. Siddique, Flower numbers, pod production, pollen viability, and pistil function are reduced and flower and pod abortion increased in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under terminal drought, Journal of Experimental Botany, 61(2), 335-345 (2009)