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Ecological Impact of Genetically Modified Crops

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (ISC-2012), Pages 1-4, February,2 (2013)

Abstract

Despite the potential benefits of transgenic crops, they are also concerned regarding the possible environmental and agronomic impacts. The biosafety implications of the field release of transgenic crops have attracted global attention also.Research for analyzing the short and long term effects of transgenic crops on the environment is one of the major challenges for its safe release in developing countries which are rich sources of genetic biodiversity. Horizontal transfer of genes between soils microorganisms may be facilitated by vector DNA from genetically engineered plants resulting in disturbances in the functioning of organism that affects the soil ecology and fertility. There is a need of in depth study to address the effect of transgenic plant on non-target animals, plants and other organisms. Considering the potential impact of transgenic crops on genetic diversity, pragmatic decisions should be taken by the policy-makers not to release these crops into centers of origin, delicate ecological zones and the pockets rich in biodiversity. Therefore, the challenge will be to use scientific tools and knowledge to attempt to predict problems and solve them before they happen.

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