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Physical characteristics and Chemical compositions of Leaves extracts of Sorindeia grandifolia Engl. (Anacardiaceae) harvested at Kato, Benin

Author Affiliations

  • 1Unité de Recherche sur les Extraits Végétaux, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie appliquée (LERCA), Ecole Polytechniqued’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Rép. du BENIN
  • 2 Laboratoire d’Analyse des Extraits Végétaux et des Arômes (LEXVA Analytique), 460 Rue du Montant, 63110 Beaumont, FRANCE
  • 3 Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie, Institut de Chimie de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Blaise-Pascal, F-63000, Clermont, FERRAND
  • 4 Laboratoire de Chimie des Huiles Essentielles, Université Blaise-Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, Campus des Cézeaux, Aubière cedex, FRANCE

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 31-35, February,2 (2013)

Abstract

The results brought back at the end of this work concern various chemical constituents of S. grandifolia leaves collected in Benin. The major compounds (≥4%) of essential oils obtained after hydrodistillation and analysis by coupling gas chromatography with spectrometry mass are constituted of : limonene (20.2%), (E)-β-ocimene (7.6-17.8%), (Z)-β-ocimene (11.4%), γ-cadinene (7.0%), selin-11-en-4-α-ol (4.5-5.7% ), palmitic acid (4.3-6.2%), β-pinene (5.5%), α-selinene (5.5%), α-phellandrene (5.2%), β-selinene (4.9%), β-elemene (4.5%).The lipidic fractions realized from petroleum ether extracts are marked by importants rates of arachidic acid (22.5%), palmitic acid (20.3%) and of linoleic acid (15.9 %). The phytochemical analysis showed relatively a large content of coumarins, gallic tannins, flavones, leucoanthocyans and saponins in opposition to the other secondary metabolites.

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