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Vanadium Pentoxide Cathode Material for Fabrication of All Solid State Lithium-Ion Batteries - A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Physics, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada – 520008, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 67-73, February,2 (2013)


Transition metal oxides have been a subject of research in recent years in view of their fundamental and technological aspects. Among these, vanadium creates many compounds with oxygen; these have different structural, optical and chemical properties. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a thermodynamically stable form which exhibits electrochromic properties. A lot of recent research has been focused on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructured vanadium oxides to mitigate the slow electrochemical kinetics with high specific surface area and short diffusion distance. Vanadium pentoxide with a layered structure is promising for smart window applications. V2O5 crystallizes with an orthorhombic unit cell and belongs to Pmnm space group with lattice parameter a = 11.510 , b = 3.563 , c = 4.369 , where the b and c are often interchanged. The stoichiometry of V2O5 is considered as deformed octahedral VO6 which serves as the building block of the V2O5 structure. As a thin film, it exhibits multi colored electrochromism and has high potential for use in electrochromic display devices, color filters and other optical devices. Bulk and thin film V2O5 with vandal oxygen vacancies have been used as an oxidation catalyst. This paper deals with the detailed technological aspects of properties, different structures of V2O5 as candidate cathode material for the fabrication of all solid state lithium ion batteries with wide applications of V2O5 films as electrochromic cells and gas sensors.


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