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Application of Remote Sensing, GIS and MIF technique for Elucidation of Groundwater Potential Zones from a part of Orissa coastal tract, Eastern India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, WB–721302, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (11), Pages 42-49, November,2 (2013)

Abstract

With the advent of civilization and economic development of the country the demand for water has increased over the years. Therefore, evaluating the potential groundwater zone is very important for secured groundwater systems. Combination of remote sensing data and geographical information system (GIS) has brought a distinct path to study this kind of problems. Thus, the present study attempts to select and elucidate various groundwater potential zones for the assessment of groundwater availability in a coastal part of Orissa using remote sensing, GIS and multi-influencing factor (MIF) techniques. Survey of India Topo sheet and Satellite IRS-IC LISS III, Lands at TM digital and SRTM data are used to prepare various thematic layersviz., land use, geomorphological, geological, slope, drainage density and lineament density map. All these six layers are integrated using the Spatial Analyst Tool in Arc GIS 9.2 implying weighted overlay methods to delineate the Ground Water Potential Zones.In weighted overlay analysis each of these layers has been allotted fixed score and weight calculated from MIF technique on the basis of relative contribution of each of these maps towards groundwater potential. All the thematic maps are then enumerated with one another through ground control points and joined step by step using the normalized aggregation method in GIS for computing groundwater potential index. Finally, based on cumulative weighted value, groundwater recharges zones have been selected and classified into very good, good, poor, and very poor zones, respectively. The result depicts major portions of the study area have “Very Good” as well as “Good” prospect while a few scattered areas have very poor prospect. Thus, the results will be supportive for improved organization and supervision of ground water resources of the present area.

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