International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Chemical Characterization of Ambient Pm10 Aerosol in a Steel City, Rourkela, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering, National Institue of Technology, Roukela-769008, Odisha, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (1), Pages 32-38, January,2 (2013)


A comprehensive study for ambient particulate air pollution was carried out between January 2011 and December 2011 in a steel city, Rourkela to investigate the PM10 aerosol mass concentration and its major metallic and anionic characterization. The 8 hourly average concentration of PM10 varied from 80.88µg/m3 to 225.93µg/m3. Major heavy metals obtained are iron (102.14 ng/m3), aluminium (50.53 ng/m3) and zinc (41.90 ng/m3), while sulphate (1920 ng/m3) dominates the anionic species. Both heavy metals and anions followed the same seasonal trend as PM10 showing a lower concentration during summer and monsoon and higher values during winter and spring. These seasonal variations can be explained by the nature of sources, climatic characteristics of the city and anthropogenic activities near monitoring sites. Spearman rank correlation study was performed between PM10 and its major chemical constituents. Ambient particulate iron of the steel city has obtained inverse spearman rank correlation with Ni, Zn, Cu and Al.


  1. Seangkiatiyuth K., Surapipith V., Tantrakarnapa, K. and Lothongkum A.W., Application of the AERMOD modeling system for environmental impact assessment of NOemissions from a cement complex, J. Environ. Sci., 23, 931–940 (2011)
  2. Bellouin N., Boucher O., Haywood J. and Reddy M.S., Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements, Nature, 438(7071) , 1138-1141(2005)
  3. Lelieveld J., Crutzen P., Ramanathan V., Andreae M.O., Brenninkmeijer C.A.M., Campos T., Cass G.R., Dickerson R.R., Fischer H., de Gouw J.A., Hansel A., Jefferson A., Kley D., de Laat A.T.J., Lal S., Lawrence M.G., Lobert J.M., Mayol-Bracero O., Mitra A.P., Novakov T., Oltmans S.J., Prather K.A., Reiner T., Rodhe H., Scheeren H.A., Sikka D. and Williams J., The Indian Ocean experiment: widespread air pollution from South and Southeast Asia, Science, 291, 1031-1036 (2001)
  4. Lawrence M.G. and Lelieveld J., Atmospheric pollutant outflow from southern Asia: a review, Atmos.Chem. Phys., 10, 11017-11096 (2010)
  5. Buseck P.R., Jacob D.J., Posfai M., Li J. and Anderson J.R., Minerals in the air: an environmental perspective, Int. Geol. Rev.,42(7), 577-593 (2000)
  6. Charlson R.J., Schwartz S.E., Hales J.M., Cess R.D., Coakley J.A., Hansen J.E. and Holmann D.J., Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols, Science, 255, 423-430(1992)
  7. Toon B.D., How pollution suppress rain, Science 287, 1763-1764 (2000)
  8. Das N., Baral S.S., Sahoo S.K., Mohapatra R.K., Ramulu T.S., Das S.N. and Chaudhury G.R., Aerosol physical characteristics at Bhubaneswar, East coast of India, Atmos. Res., 93, 897-901 (2009)
  9. Srivastava K.P. and Singh V.K., Impact of Air-Pollution on pH of soil of Saran, Bihar, India, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(4), 9-13 (2012)
  10. Chouhan A., Iqbal S., Maheshwari R.S. and Bafna A., Study of air pollution tolerance Index of plants growing in Pithampur Industrial area sector 1, 2 and 3, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(ISC-2011) 172-177 (2012)
  11. Balasubramanian R., Qian W., Decesari S., Facchini M.C. and Fuzzi S., Comprehensive characterization of PM2.5aerosols in Singapore, J. Geophys. Res.,108(D16), 4523- 4540 (2003)
  12. Dockery D.W. and Pope C.A., Acute respiratory effects of particulate air pollution, Annu. Rev. Publ. Health., 15, 107-132 (1994)
  13. Anderson K.R., Avol E.L., Edwards S.A., Shamoo D.A., Peng R.C., Linn W.S. and Hackney J.D., Controlled exposures of volunteers to respirable carbon and sulphuric acid aerosols, J. Air. Waste. Manage, 42, 771-776 (1992)
  14. Deshpande C.G. and Kamra A.K., Extension of Atmospheric Aerosols Over Ocean Around Peninsular India In The Southwest Monsoon Season, J. Aerosol. Sci., 26, 1169-1174 (1995)
  15. Chow J.C., Watson J.G., Fujita E.M., Lu Z. and Lawson D.R., Temporal and spatial variations of PM2.5 and PM10aerosol in the Southern California Air Quality Study, Atmos. Environ.,28, 2061-2080 (1994)
  16. Thurston G.D. and Spengler J.D., A quantitative assessment of source contributions to inhalable particulate matter pollution in metropolitan Boston, Atmos. Environ., 19(1), 9-25 (1985)
  17. Sharma P., Fulekar M.H. and Pathak B., E-Waste- A Challenge for Tomorrow, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(3), 86-93, (2012)
  18. Mane T.T. and Hingane H.N., Existing Situation of Solid Waste Management in Pune City, India, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1 (ISC-2011) 348-351 (2012)
  19. Nair P.R., Rajan R., Parameswaran K., Abraham A. and Jacob S., Chemical composition of aerosol particles over the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean regions during the INDOEX (FFP-98) cruise—preliminary results, Curr. Sci. India, 80, 171-175 (2001)
  20. Karar K., Gupta A.K., Kumar A. and Biswas A.K., Characterization and identification of the sources of chromium, zinc, lead, cadmium, nickel, manganese and iron in PM10 particulates at the two sites of Kolkata, India, Environ. Monit. Assess.,120(1-3), 347-360 (2006)
  21. Karar K. and Gupta A.K., Seasonal variations and chemical characterization of ambient PM10 at residential and industrial sites of an urban region of Kolkata (Calcutta), India, Atmos. Res., 81, 36-53 (2006)
  22. Katz M. et al (Eds), Methods of Air Sampling and Analyses, 2nd Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC, (1977)
  23. Gwal A.K., Jain S., Panda G., Gujar Y.S., Raghuwanshi S. and Vijay S.K., Study of Ionospheric Perturbations during Strong Seismic Activity by Correlation Technique using NmF2 Data, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(1), 2-9 (2012)
  24. Singh R.P., Dey S., Tripathi S.N., Tare V. and Holben B., Variability of aerosol parameters over Kanpur, northern India, J. Geophys. Res., 109(D23206), 1-14 (2004)
  25. Rastogi N. and Sarin M.M., Quantitative chemical composition and characteristics of aerosols over western India: one-year record of temporal variability, Atmos. Environ., 43, 3481-3488 (2009)
  26. Suresh T. and Desa E., Seasonal variations of aerosol over Dona Paula a coastal site on the west coast of India, Atmos. Environ., 39(19), 3471-3473 ( 2005)
  27. Vinoj V., Satheesh S.K., Babu S.S. and Moorthy K.K., Large aerosol optical depths observed at an urban location in southern India associated with rain-deficit summer monsoon season, Ann. Geophys., 22, 3073-3077 (2004)