6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

DNA Technology: The Technology of Justice - Current and Future Need

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Law, University of Pune, MS, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 405-409, (2012)


The intelligence of human being, since the beginning of this world has resulted in the growth of science and technology. Science and technology have developed according to the interest and needs of humankind. They are having tremendous impact on human lives. Advances in DNA technology are being seen as significant, reliable, efficient and accurate tools for law enforcement agencies to fight crimes. DNA evidences are capable of proving guilt of accused or innocence of accused persons wrongly convicted. Forensic DNA Technology has transformed investigative methods of serious crimes due to its remarkable capability to convict wrongdoers or exonerate accused or convicted offenders. One of the most significant and great qualities of DNA evidence is its ability to solve cold cases. More importantly, DNA technology can quickly lead suspicion away by allowing samples of past crimes that were never solved to be reassessed. This can result in the arrest of suspect(s) years after the crime was committed. In essence, DNA evidence is rapidly becoming irrefutable proof of identification. The question whether DNA is advancing justice becomes relevant in cases where police, in their efforts, use DNA evidence to find suspects and solve crimes. Certainly, questions of justice weigh most heavily when the DNA samples of innocent person is taken, stored and analyzed and falls under the lens of suspicion. Therefore, this paper deals with the utility of DNA Technology in criminal investigation process. Advancement of DNA technology toward a vision of justice is a focal point of this research paper.


  1. Yawer Qazalbash, DNA Evidence and ItsAdmissibility, 24 (2006)
  2. Parikh and Mishra, The principles of MedicalJurisprudence, Medical and Forensic Science, DNA testand Toxicology,11(2007)
  3. The CODIS Unit manages the Combined DNA IndexSystem (CODIS) and the National DNA Index System(NDIS) and is responsible for developing, providing,and supporting the CODIS Program to federal, state,and local crime laboratories in the United States andselected international law enforcement crimelaboratories to foster the exchange and comparison offorensic DNA evidence from violent crimeinvestigations, (2010)
  4. Sheldon Krimsky and Tania Simoncelli, GeneticJustice: DNA data banks, Criminal Investigations, andcivil liberties, 306-307 (2011)
  5. Edward Connors, Convicted by jury exonerated byScience, IPT Journal, (10) (1998)
  6. Abichandani R.K., New Biology and CriminalInvestigation, (2010)
  7. Sharma Abhijeet, Guide to DNA Test in PaternityDetermination and Criminal Investigation, 260 (2007)
  8. Heydon J.D., Cross on Evidence, 795, (2000)
  9. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id. visitedon 11th Sept, (2010)
  10. 293 F. 1013, 1014, D.C. Cir, (1923)
  11. The Frye decision was that the lie detector test was nottrustworthy for the reason that it had not obtained“general acceptance” in the relevant scientificcommunity, Its meaning test is indefinable. In fact, theFrye test brought a lot of debate in by Judges, whetherthe scientific evidence should be admitted in legalsystem or not. For many years, the Frye test was citedin both civil and criminal cases, but it was applied mostfrequently in criminal cases, (1923)
  12. 447NW422, Minn (1989)
  13. The Castro judgment provides the intention that DNAidentification evidence of exclusion is more providingreasonable basis of admissibility than DNAidentification evidence of inclusion, In Castro, the courtruled that DNA tests could be used to show that bloodon Castro’s watch was not his, but tests could not beused to show that the blood was that of his victim,Accessed on 14th June, 2010, See also, DNATechnology in Forensic Science, Committee on DNATechnology in Forensic Science, USA Board ofBiology, Commission on Life Science, NationalResearch Council of USA (1992)
  14. Adhikary Jyotimor, DNA Technology inAdministration of Justice, 56-57 (2007)
  15. KSN Reddy, The Essentials of Forensic Medicine andToxicology, 387 (2004)
  16. Kantak M.P., Ghodkirekar M.S. and Perni S.G., Utilityof Daubert guidelines in India, Journal of the IndianAcademy of Forensic Medicine, 26 (2004)
  17. Madan Gopal Kakkad vs. Naval Dubey and another 3, SSC 204 (1992)
  18. Pillay V.V., Textbook of Forensic Medicine andToxicology, 14th ed., 89 (2004)
  19. Vij K., Textbook of Forensic Medicine (Principles andPractice), 1st ed., 134 (2001)
  20. State of Gujarat v. Kishnbhai, MANU/GJ/0506 /2005(In this case the police was criticized for not havingemployed DNA test during investigation, It wasobserved, in case of rape, where injuries on the vaginaof the victim are so grave and serious, in our opinion,either pubic hair or semen of the accused ought to havebeen found from the body of the victim,
  21. R.R. Gopal v., State of Tamil Nadu, AIR1997 SC 264,
  22. 542 U.S. 177, (2004), undefined, undefined
  23. Hiibel v., Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada,Humboldt Country et al., U.S. Supreme Court, NO03-5554, decided June, 2 (2004)
  24. National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Convicted by JuriesExonerated by Science, Case study in using DNAevidence to establish innocence after trial. Reportreleased, (2009)
  25. Susan Price Livingston, DNA Database of ConvictedFelons, OLR Research Report, (2002)
  26. Special Report on, Using DNA to Solved Cold Cases,published by the National Institute of Justice (U.S.Department of Justice), (2002)