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Initiation of Pharmaceutical Factories depending on more Application of Biotechnology on some Medicinal Plants Review Article (In Vitro Production of some Antioxidant, Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antidiabetic agent)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Botany Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, EGYPT

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 398-404,(2012)

Abstract

Higher plants are an important source of all type of substances, especially medicines (glycosides, ethereal oils, steroids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, alkaloids, tannins and saponins, etc.,). Traditionally the medicinal plants have been grown and then the active components extracted and this is likely to remain the normal procedure. However the production of medicinal plants can present problems, which have load to the search for other ways to produce naturally accruing substances: i. Production in the field is strongly dependent on season, weather, climate, diseases and pests. ii. Naturally occurring sources, especially in the tropics and subtropical zones, are becoming limited and some medicinal plants are extremely scarce. iii Theremay be technical and economic problems in production. iv. Production is labor intensive and therefore costs are high. v. There may be political instability in the country where the plants are available resulting in an interrupted supply. For the above mentioned reasons, attempts have been made to obtain substances from cell suspension cultures of higher plants, either through accumulation in the callus (biomass) or sometimes by the release into the nutrient medium. In this review we will discuss in vitro production of some antioxidant, analgesic, antibacterial, antidiabetic agents.

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