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Integreted Biodiversity Management - A case study of Melghat Tiger reserve as a protected area, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research Dept. of Geography, SPDM College Shirpur, Dhule, MS, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 265-269, (2012)

Abstract

Recognizing the need to protect tiger, government initiated several measures aimed at conservation and protection of the species. Significant among them were project tiger, a centrally sponsored scheme launched in April 1973 and the India eco-development project (October 1997- June 2004) funded by external agencies. Besides, efforts were made to prevent illegal wildlife trade to ensure a viable population of tiger in India. The main activities of project tiger include wildlife management, protection measure, and specific eco-development activities. Twenty eight tiger reserve were created in 17 states between 1973-74 and 1999-2000. the project tiger directorate (PTD) in the ministry of environment and forests (MoEF) at New Delhi is responsible for providing technical guidance, budgetary support, coordination, monitoring, and evolution of project tiger while the management and implementation of the project rests with the state government concerned. The India eco-development project (IEDP) was a pilot project initiated with the assistance of the World Bank and the global environment facility to conserve biodiversity through eco development.The project addressed both the impact of the local population on the protected areas and the impact of the protected areas on the local population and envisaged to improve the capacity of the protected area management to effectively conserve biodiversity and support collaboration between the states and the local communities in and around ecologically vulnerable areas. Melghat tiger reserve, as a protected area in the state of Maharashtra with the potential to hold viable population of the tiger. It is located in the central high land biotic province of the deccan bio-geographic zone, a largest and oldest tiger reserve in the state supports typical dry teak forest of the central India. All protected areas in the country are subject to anthropogenic pressures of various types. The present paper is based on the groundwork of melghat tiger project reserve and secondary data collection with objectives, need for monitoring tiger and its prey population for assessing the impacts of management interventions of protected areas as an effective tool for biodiversity conservation.

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