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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) For Bus-Based Rapid Transit System (BRTS) Bhopal, MP, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1MANIT Bhopal, MP, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 166-171, (2012)

Abstract

EIA includes assessing the present status of air, water, land, noise, biological and socio-economic components of environmentbased on secondary data collected from various respective departments. Centrally located, Bhopal, capital city of MadhyaPradesh, is located on a hilly terrain within the Malwa Plateau. With an estimated population of 25 lakhs for the year 2011, itmainly relies on public transport with 48% share of passenger trips; this includes standard buses, mini buses and tempos(magic). Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a high-quality, high-capacity bus service that travels on exclusive lanes along designatedroutes, often compared with the speediness and comforts of a streetcar. BRT buses reducing travel time by 15 to 30 percent andwith proper passenger facilities will surely revolutionize the public transport in Bhopal. While, time saving benefits, fuelsavings, reduction in air pollution and in traffic congestion and noise and vibration reduction fall under the positive impacts,there are some negative impacts on environmental components of this project; which can be seen on three stages: the DesignStage, construction stage and operational stage. This paper predicts possible impacts on different component of environmentduring different phases of BRTS Bhopal and suggests possible mitigation measures for prevention as well as reduction.

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