International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Characterization the Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution in Fluidized Bed Column by Rice Husk Adsorbent

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Material eng. Babylon, University IRAQ
  • 2Faculty of Science, King-Abdul-Aziz, University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 145-151,(2012)


Pollution deals with the modification of the natural physical and chemical environment of the earth of human activity. Phenolis one of the most toxic industrial pollutants and even at low concentration it is reported to affect water quality and is harmful tohuman health. The objective of this study is to contribute in the search for less expensive adsorbents and their utilizationpossibilities for agricultural waste by products such as rice husk, for the elimination of phenol from aqueous solution.Experiments have been conducted to examine the liquid phase adsorption of phenol from aqueous solution by rice husk RH andactivated rice husk ARH(pretreated by 13 M H2SO4 with 0.5 NaOH and thermally treated at 573k). Fluidized bed columnkinetic and isotherm studies were carried out evaluate the effect pH 2 -10, initial phenol concentration 50 200 mg/l ,differentbed height 5 30 cm , different temperature 298 338 K and different flow rate 1 7 cm3/s , with 90 min operated the system. Thesorption data obtained from studies at optimized conditions have been subject Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm studies. The datafits well to both the Langmuir and Freundish isotherm models indicating favorable and monolayer adsorption. X ray diffractionanalysis , which indicates that the RH and ARH mainly consist of amorphous materials. The adsorbent were characterized usingFTIR, it was found that the pretreatment of rice husk increase the specific surface area and changed the functional groups ,therefore leads to increase the capacity of adsorption.


  1. Mahvi A.H, Application of Agricultural Fibers in Pollution Removal from Aqueous Solution, Int. J. Environ Sci. Tech., 5(2), 275-285 (2008)
  2. Nayak P.S. and Singh B.K., Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution by Sorption on Low Cost Clay, Desalinating, 20, 771-79 (2007)
  3. Al Husseiny H.A., improving of Effluent Sewage by Treatment with Local Materials, Msc Thesis, College Eng. Babylon University, Iraq, (2011)
  4. Adekola F.A and Adegoke H.I., Adsorption of Blue Dye on Activated Carbons produced from Rice Husk, Coconut Shell and Coconut Coirpith, Ife Journal of Science, 7(1), (2005)
  5. Cherifi H., Haninia S. and Bentaher F., Adsorption of Phenol from Waste water Using Vegetal Cords as a new Adsorbent, Desalination, 244, 177- 187 (2009)
  6. Daffalla S.B., Mukhtar H. and Shaharun M.S., Characterization of Adsorbent Developed from Rice Husk, Effect of Surface Functional Group on Phenol Adsorption Journal of Applied Sciences, (2010)
  7. Bable S. and Kurniawan T.A., Low Cost Adsorbent for Heavy Metals Uptake For Contaminated Water, A review J. Hazard. Mater, 97, 219-243 (2003)
  8. El-Said A.G. Badawy N.A. and German S.E., Adsorption of Cadmium (II) and Mercury (II) on to Natural Adsorbent Rice Husk and Ash (RHA) from Aqueous Solutions, Study in Single and Binary System, Journal of American Science, 6(12), (2010)
  9. Safa Y. and Bhatti H.N., Adsorptive Removal of Direct Dyes by Low Cost Rice Husk, Effect of Treatments and Modification, African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(16), 283142 (2011)
  10. Ong S.T., Keng P.S., Chong A.W., Lee S.L. and Hung Y.T., Tartaric Acid Modified Rice Hull as a Sorbent For Methylene Blue Removal, Americal Journal of Environmental Sciences, 6(3), 244-248 (2010)
  11. Al-Sultani K.F., The Removal of Water Pollutants in Fluidized Bed Column by Adsorption, MSc. Thesis, University of Technology, Iraq (1999)
  12. Jordan W., Van Barneveld Gelich H. kleinc O. Boymann M. and VllrichJ., Phenol, Ullmann N., Encyclopedia of Industrial chemistry, Wiley VCH Verlag, (2002)
  13. Aly Y., Okasha and Ibrahim H.G., Phenol Removal from Aqueous System by Sorption of Using some Local Waste Materials, EJEAF Che, 9(4), 796 807 (2010)
  14. Zainal A.S. BT, Adsorption of by Activated Carbon Produced from Decanter Cake B.Sc. Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Eng Unive, rsity Malaysia Pahang (2009)
  15. Busca G., Beradinelli S., Resini S., Arrighi C., Technologies for the Removal of Phenol from Fined Systems, J. Hazardous Materials, 160, 265288, (2008)
  16. Maleki A., Mahvi A. H., Ebrahimi R. and Khan J., Evolution of Barley straw and its Ash in Removal of Phenol from Aqueous System, Word Appl. Sci. J., 8(3)369-373 (2010)
  17. Ahmad H.B., Aleem M. and Anwar T., Comparative Studies for the Adsorption of Remazol Blue on Rice Husk, Saw Dust and Charcoal, J. Chem . Soc. Pak., 33(4) (2011)
  18. Imagawa A., Seto R. and Nagaosa Y., Adsorption of chlorinated Hydrocarbons from Air and Aqueous Solutions by Carbonized Rice Husk, Carbon, 38, 623 641, (2000)
  19. Aksu Z., Tatli A. and Tunc O., A Comparative Adsorption/Biosorption Study of Acid Blue 161, Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium and Kinetics Parameters, Chem. Eng. Journal, 142, 33-39 (2008)
  20. Langmiur T., The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solid and Liquids, Journal American Chemical Soc., 38, 2221-2295 (2000)
  21. Imyim A. and Prapaimrungsi E., Humic Acids Removal from Water by Aminopropyl Functionalized Rice Husk Ash, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 184, 775-781(2010)
  22. Rozainee M., Nogo S., Salema A., Tan K., Ariffin M., Zainura Z., Effect of Fluidising Velocity on the Combustion of Rice Huslc in a Benc-Scale Fluidiesed Bed Combustor for the Production of Amorphous Rice Husk, Bioresour Technol. 99, 703-713, (2008)
  23. Sarvinder T., Parkh B. and Pant K., Investigation on the Sorption of Aluminum in Drinking Water by Low, Cost Adsorbents, Water SA, 32(1) (2006)
  24. Mall I.D., Srivastavan V.C. and Mishre I.M., Characterization of Mesoporous Rice Husk Ash (RHA) and Adsorption Kinetics of Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution onto RHA., J. Hazard. Mater, B134, 257-267, (2006)
  25. Garg V.K., Bansal M., Garg U. and Singh D., Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous Solutions Using PreConsumer Processing Agricultural Waste, A Case Study of Rice Husk, Journal Hazard Materials, 162,3125-320 (2009)