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Bird distribution along environmental gradients In North Bandung, West Java

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta Banten, INDONESIA
  • 2 Bandung Institute of Technology Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung, West Java, INDONESIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (ISC-2011), Pages 23-32,(2012)


Bird distribution and abundance were studied along environmental gradients from urban areas to forested habitats in North Bandung, West Java. Bird and habitat data were collected from 192 sampling points between May 2006 and April 2007. The relationship of bird assemblage patterns and species distribution with habitat and land cover attributes was explored by canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). We further tested whether particular attributes of bird assemblages such as the relative abundance of ground gleaners, tree foragers, omnivores, insectivores, generalist and endemic species were linked to environmental attributes. The assemblage measures were compared with the environmental gradients and with the environmental variables from which those gradients were derived using bivariate plots, correlations and distance weighted LS regression. Canonical correspondence analyses revealed that forest land use, tree canopy cover and altitude were important factors affecting bird distributions in the study site. Moving south to lower altitude along the gradient to urban areas with more intensive land use, human-tolerant species were encountered more often, and absolute abundance of omnivores and ground gleaners increased. Bird diversity and total bird abundance peaked in forested habitats, as did the absolute abundances of tree foragers, insectivores and endemic species. Thus, habitat, land use and landscape variables acted in concert to shape bird distribution in North Bandung region.


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