International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Magnetic Properties of Fe doped ZnO Nanosystems Synthesized by Solution Combustion Method

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-5, INDIA
  • 2 Instituto de Fisica GlebWataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) Campinas,13.083-859, SP, BRAZIL

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 48-52, August,2 (2012)


Zn1-xFex O (0.01≤x≤0.05) nanosystems synthesized by a solution combustion method were characterized by different techniques. The structural characterization by XRD confirmed the phase purity of the samples. TEM measurement depicted the crystallinity of nanosystems prepared and EDS analysis conformed the elemental composition. The magnetic behaviour of the nanoparticles of ZnO with varying Fe doping concentration was investigated using a super conducting interference device (SQUID) which confirmed the ferromagnetic state for 5% Fe doped sample at room temperature. Local environment around Fe atoms has been probed by 57Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy and measured isomer shifts confirmed the charge state of iron is Fe3+.


  1. Taguchi S., Tayagaki T. and Kanemitsu Y., Luminescence and magnetic properties of Co doped ZnO nanocrystals Mater, Sci. Eng.,, 012029 (2009)
  2. Furdyna J.K., Diluted magnetic semiconductors, J.Appl. Phys., 64, R29 (1988)
  3. Ohno H., ScienceMaking Nonmagnetic Semiconductors Ferromagnetic, 281, 951 (1998)
  4. Nakamura S., Science, 281, 956 (1998)
  5. Ezenwa I.A., Synthesis and optical characterization of zinc oxide thin film, Research Journal of Chemical Sciences,2(3), 26 (2012)
  6. Sato K. and Yoshida H.K., Material Design for Transparent Ferromagnets with ZnO-Based Magnetic Semiconductors, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys, 39, L555 (2000)
  7. K. Sato and H. K. Yoshida, Stabilization of Ferromagnetic States by Electron Doping in Fe-, Co- or Ni-Doped ZnO, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys, 40 ,L334 (2001)
  8. Kodama R.H., Berkowitz A.E., McNiff Jr E.J. and Foner S.,Surface Spin Disorder in NiFeNanoparticles, Phys. Rev.Lett. 77, 394 (1996)
  9. Sharma P.K., Dutta R.K., Pandey A.C., Layek S. and Verma H.C. Effect of Iron Doping Concentration on Magnetic Properties of ZnO nanoparticles,JMMM, 321, 2587 (2009)
  10. Kumar S., Gautam S., Kim Y.J., Koo B.H., Chae K.H., Lee C.G., Ferromagnetism in Fe doped ZnO synthesized by co-precipitation method, J.Ceram.Soc.Japan, 117(5),616 (2009)
  11. Diet T., Ohno H., Matsukura F., Clbert J. and Ferrand D., Science Zener Model Description of Ferromagnetism in Zinc-Blende Magnetic Semiconductors, 287, 1019 (2000)
  12. Hua-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Ren Wei, Zhi-Qiang Li and Guo-Yi Dong,Room-temperature ferromagnetism in Fe-doped, Fe- and Cu-codoped ZnO diluted magnetic semiconductor, Material Letters, 61 3605 (2007)
  13. Park S.L., Ahn G.Y. and Kim C.S., Interpretation of ferromagnetic Fe doped ZnO by Mössbauer spectroscopy, J.Appl.Phys, 101, 09H113 (2007)
  14. Ahn G.Y., Park S.I., Shim I.B. and Kim C.S., Mössbauer studies of ferromagnetism in Fe-doped ZnO magnetic semiconductor, J.Magn.Mater., 282, 166 (2004)
  15. Liu H., Yang J., Zhang Y., Yang L., Wei M. and Ding X.,Structure and magnetic properties of Fe-doped ZnO prepared by the sol–gel method, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 21145803 (2009)
  16. Dinesha M.L., Jayanna H.S., Ashoka S. and Chandrappa G.T., Temperature dependent electrical conductivity of Fe doped ZnO nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion method, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 485, 538–541(2009)
  17. Karmakar D., Mandal S.K., Kadam R.M., Paulose P.L., Rajarajan A.K., Nath T.K., Das A.K., Dasgupta I., and Das G.P., Phys. Rev. B., 75, 144404 (2007)