6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Preparation of Activated Carbon from Phragmites Australis:Equilibrium Behaviour Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Teacher Research Bojnord, IRAN
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, IRAN
  • 3 Faculty of Chemistry, Iran University Science and Technology, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 10-16, August,2 (2012)

Abstract

Activated carbons were prepared from phragmites australis by chemical activation with KCO (1:1w)(AC1), ZnCl(1:1w)(AC2), NaOH (1:1w)(AC3), and 28.5% HPO (AC4) followed by pyrolysis at 800C in steam atmosphere. Different activated carbons have been used for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from aqueous solutions. The optimum condition for the production of colorless methylene blue aqueous was determined. The activated carbon prepared by chemical activation with KCO attained a maximum value of 153 (mg/g) at a carbonization temperature of 800C with activation duration of 30 min and at an impregnation ratio of 1.0. Porosities of activated carbons were characterized by cyclic voltametry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic and SEM techniques.

References

  1. Okada K., Yamamoto N., Kameshima Y. and Yasumori A., Porous properties of activated carbons from waste newspaper prepared by chemical and physical activation, Colloid Interface Sci, 262, 179-193 (2003)
  2. Guo J. and Lua A.C., Textural and chemical characterizations of adsorbent prepared from palm shell by potassium hydroxide impregnation at different stages, Colloid Interface Sci, 254, 227-233 (2002)
  3. Raymundo-Pinero E., Azais P., Cacciaguerra T., Cazorla-Amoros D., Linares Solano A. and Beguin F., KOH and NaOH activation mechanisms of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with different structural organisation, Carbon, 43786-795 (2005)
  4. Lillo-Rodenas M.A., Juan-Juan J., Cazorla-Amoros D. and Linares Solano A., About reactions occurring during chemical activation with hydroxides, Carbon, 42, 1371-1375 (2004)
  5. McKee D.W., Mechanisms of the alkali metal catalysed gasification of carbon, Fuel, 62170-175 (1983)
  6. Sharma R.L., Sharma K.K. and Sharma N., Hypervitaminosis - A causes Degenerative changes in Thyroid of Mouse, Res. J. Recent. Sci, 1(3), 26-30 (2012)
  7. Gergova K. and Eser S., Effects of Activation Method on the Pore Structure of Activated Carbons from Apricot Stones, Carbon, 34879-888 (1996)
  8. Mehandjiev D.R. and Bekjarova E.B., Compt. Rend. Acad. Bulg. Sci, 4565-77 (1992)
  9. Sayilkan H., Cetinkaya B., Chim. Acta Tirc, 19, 257-264 (1991)
  10. Gergova K., Petrov N. and Eser S., Adsorption Properties and Microstructures of Activated Carbons Produced from Agricultural By-products by Steam Pyrolysis, Carbon, 32, 693-702 (1994)
  11. Bota A., Laszio K., Schlimper H. and Nagy L.G., Active carbon from apricot Pits, Model. Chem, 134169-187 (1997)
  12. Gergova K., Galushko A., Petrov N. and Minkova V., Investigation of activated carbons prepared by pyrolysis of agricultural by-products in a stream of water vapour, Carbon, 30, 721-727 (1992)
  13. Gergova K., Petrov N. and Minkova V., A comparison of adsorption characteristics of various activated carbons, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol, 5677-82 (1993)
  14. Bota A. and Laszio K., Per. Polytech. Ser. Chem. Eng, 41, 19-23 (1997)
  15. Philip C.A. and Girgis B.S., J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol, 67248-254 (1996)
  16. Molina-Sabio M., Rodriquez-Reinoso F., Caturla F. and Selles M.J., Porosity in granular carbons activated with phosphoric acid, Carbon, 33, 1105-1110 (1995)
  17. MacDonald J.A.F, Quinn D.F. and Porous J., Mater, , 43-48 (1995)
  18. Lussier M.G., Shull J.C. and Miller D.J., Activated carbon from cherry stones, Carbon, 32, 1493-1499 (1994)
  19. Castro J.B., Bonelli P.R., Cerrella E.G. and Cukierman A.L., Phosphoric acid activation of agricultural residues and bagasse from sugar cane: Influence of the experimental conditions on adsorption characteristics of activated carbons, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 39, 4166-4172 (2000)
  20. Toles C.A., Marshall W.E., Wartelle L.H. and McAloon A., Steam-or carbon dioxide-activated carbons from almond shells: physical, chemical and adsorptive properties and estimated cost of production, Bioresour. Technol 75197-203 (2000)
  21. Zhu Y., Hu H., Li W. and Zhang X., Resorcinol-formaldehyde based porous carbon as an electrode material for supercapacitors, Carbon, 45, 160-165 (2007)
  22. Pandolfo A.G. and Hollenkamp A.F., Carbon properties and their role in supercapacitors, J. Power Sources, 15711-27 (2006)
  23. Kastening B. and Heins M., Properties of Electrolytes in the Micropores of Activated Carbon, Electrochim. Acta, 502487-2498 (2005)
  24. Bayani A.S. and Trivedi J.N., Household spider species exhibit Kleptoparasitism: An interaction between Plexxippus paykulli and Hasarius adansoni, Res. J. Recent. Sci, 1(3), 19-25 (2012)
  25. Chongrak K., Eric H., Noureddine A. and Jean P., Application of Methylene Blue Adsorption to Cotton Fiber Specific Surface Area Measurement, J. Cotton. Sci, 164-173 (1998)
  26. Graham D., Characterization of physical adsorption system: Separate effects of pore size upon adsorbent capacity of activated carbon, J. Physical. Chem, 59896-900 (1955)
  27. Kannan N. and Sundaram M.M., Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption on various carbons- a comparative study, Dyes Pigments, 5125-40 (2001)
  28. Garg V.K, Gupta R., Yadav A.B. and Kumar R., Dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust, Bioresour. Technol, 59121-124 (2003)
  29. Weber T.W. and Chakraborty P.K., Pore and solid diffusion models for fixed bed adsorbers, J. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng, 20228-237 (1974)
  30. Haghseresht F. and Lu G., Adsorption characteristics of phenolic compounds onto coal-reject-derived Adsorbents, Energy Fuels, 121100-1107 (1998)
  31. Fytianos K., Voudrias E. and Kokkalis E., Sorption-desorption behaviour of 2,4 dichlorophenol by marinesediments, Chemosphere, 403-6 (2000)