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Rapid Detection Methods for Analysis of Fungi and Mycotoxins in Agriculture Products

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Young Researchers Club, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, IRAN
  • 2 Young Researchers Club, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, IRAN
  • 3
  • 4

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (7), Pages 90-98, July,2 (2012)

Abstract

Many commodities and products can become contaminated with mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins during harvest, storage and handling, and processing. Mycotoxins are structurally diverse, deriving from a number of biosynthetic pathways and their effect upon consumers is equally diverse ranging from acutely toxic to immunosuppressive or carcinogenic. Rapid detection and quantification of fungi and mycotoxins in agriculture products and processed food is necessary for assuring safety and quality of food. This paper provides a brief review of novel approaches and technologies for mycotoxin analysis including immunological detection, nucleic acid hybridization, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), mycotoxin biosynthetic gene, and combination assays for detection of fungi and mycotoxins. Some methods have already been commercialized while others innovative tests have been reported in the literature and have the potential for providing real-time test for fungi and mycotoxin testing. The review focuses on methods for detection of fungi and mycotoxins in agriculture products.

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