6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Azimuthal Square Array Resistivity Method and Goundwater Exploration in Sanganoor, Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Dept. of Geology, Geophysical Research Lab, V.O. Chidambaram College, Thoothukudi, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 41-45, April,2 (2012)


The groundwater prospecting were conducted using Azimuthal square array direct current electrical resistivity method in Sanganoor,Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu. In the present investigation also it is shown that from the surface Azimutal square array electrical resistivity sounding data it is possible to estimate the groundwater water yield in the sanganoor site of granitic rocks. In this application data were collected from the field using CRM-500 Resistivity meter, Azimuthal square array technique, electrodes, wirespoll, used for the sounding. The resistivity data were processed using the formulae and plotted in the graphical form of Anisotropy graph, Radar diagram and Master curve plotting were used to identify the fracture/fault zone in the granitic rocks and it aquifer characteristics of the study area. From the resistivity profiling data is used to recognize geology of the top layer covered with clay with fine sand and calchie deposits mixed with gneissic rocks. The square array electrical resistivity method used to predict the water bearing zone is occurs at three layers of different depth that range of resistvity from 100 ohm.m to 120 Ohm.m in the study area.


  1. Dobrin M.B., and Savit C.H., Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting (4th ed.,) McGraw Hill, New York (1988)
  2. Reynolds J.M., An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, John Wiley and Sons, (1),1796 (1995)
  3. Gwal A.K., Jain Kumar Santosh, Panda Gopal and GujarY.S., Study of Ionospheric Perturbations during StrongSeismic Activity by NmF2 Data, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(1),2-9 (2012)
  4. Caleb Adwangashi Tabwassah and Gabriel Ike Obiefun,Geophysical and Geotechnical Investigation of ChamFailed Dam Project, Ne Nigeria, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(2),1-18 (2012)
  5. Meidav T., An electrical resistivity survey for ground water, Geophysics, 25(5), 1077-1093 (1960)
  6. Busby J.P.,The effectiveness of azimuthal apparentresistivity measurements as a method for determining fracture strike orientations, Geophysical Prospecting, 48(4), 677695 (2000)
  7. Habberjam G.M. Apparent resistivity observations and the use of square array techniques, in Saxov,S., and Flathe, H.(eds.)., Geoexploration Monographs series, 1(9), 1-152 (1979)
  8. Habberjam G.M., Apparent resistivity, anisotropy and strike measurements. Geophysical Prospecting.,, (23) 211-247 (1975)
  9. Habberjam G.M., The effects of anisotropy on square array resistivity measurements, Geophysical Prospecting, (20) 249-266 (1972)
  10. Habberjam G.M. and Watkins G.E., The use of a square configuration in resistivity prospecting. Geophysical Prospecting., (15) 221-235 (1967)
  11. Obiefuna G.I. and Orazulike D.M., Hydrologic characteristics of the River Benue wetland in Semiarid Yola Area, NE Nigeria Water Resources, Journal of Nigerian Association of Hydrogeologists, 20(2), 54-64 (2010)
  12. Darboux - Afouda R., and Louis P., Contribution des mesures de l'anisotropic electrique la recherche des aquifres de fracture en milieu cristallin au Benin,Geophysical Prospecting., 1(37), 91-105 (1989)