6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Relationship of Body Fat Percentage and Selected Physical Fitness Performances between Overweight and Normal Weight Sedentary Young Male Adults

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Physical Education-Andhra University (AU), Visakhapatnam, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (12), Pages 15-20, December,2 (2012)

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between selected physical fitness performance capacities with the degree of body fat percentage between overweight and normal weight sedentary young male adults. Among five hundred forty five (545)voluntarily registered college students’ population one hundred twenty (120) subjects, who met the inclusion criteria, were purposely recruited and selected being as subjects to participate in the study from Ethiopia, the capital city of Addis Ababa, in one of the prominent governmental college of Kotebe college of teacher education The age of the subjects was ranged between 19 to 24 years old. Out of 120 subjects, 90 subjects were sedentary and overweight (grade 1 obese), identified as group one while the remaining 30 subjects were sedentary but normal weight based on the standard classification and criteria of age, sex and body weight. The data for physical performance variables such as cardio respiratory fitness, sit ups, pull ups, standing broad jump and shuttle run were collected through the procedure of American Alliance for health physical education, and recreation (AAHPER) fitness test revised (1976) manual and the body composition (body fat percentage) was gathered at the standard seven different anatomical landmarks identified and recommended by American college of sport medicine (ACSM, 2008). Body density was determined by using the equation of Jackson and Pollock; and percentage body fats (%BF) of the subjects’ were computed from body density according to the formula described by (Siri 1961). The results of the present study indicate that all the selected physical fitness components were significantly negatively correlated with body fat percentage (%BF) except shuttle run performance, which was positively correlated with %BF in the case of both groups. The degree of correlation between body fat percentage and fitness variables indicated moderate for both groups. The P-value for percentage body fat and physical performance parameters were significant at 0.05 and 0.01 level for normal weight and overweight groups respectively. It was found that body fat percentage value and physical fitness performances were inversely correlated. It was concluded that leaner subjects perform better than overweight subjects in physical performance activities / capacities which require specifically body movement through space such as running, jumping, and also in sit-ups and pull-ups performances.

References

  1. Gormley J. and Hussey J., Exercise Therapy: Prevention and Treatment of Disease. UK: Blackwell (2005)
  2. American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM's), HealthRelated Physical Fitness Assessment Manual, (2 nd ed.), Baltimore: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins (2008)
  3. Mcardle W.D., Katch F.I. and Katch V.L., Exercise Physiology Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance (4th ed.), Balitmore: Williams and Wilkins (1996)
  4. Shangold M.M. and Mirkin G., Women and ExercisePhysiology and Sports Medicine (2nd ed.) philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company, (1994)
  5. Wilmore J.H. and Costill D.L., Physiology of Sport and Exercise (2nd ed.), USA: Human Kinetics Champaign IL, (1999)
  6. William E., Garrett J. and Kirkendall D.T., Exercise and Sport Science. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins (2000)
  7. Davies S. and Cole T., Body Composition Techniques in Health and Disease New York: Cambridge University Press (1995)
  8. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM’s),Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 8thedition. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins(2009a)
  9. Watson A.W., Quantification of the Influence of Body Fat Content on Selected Physical Performance Variables in Adolescent Boys, Irish journal of medical science, 157(12), 383-384 (1988)
  10. Sadhan B., Koley S. and Sandhu J.S., Relationship Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition and Blood Pressure in Punjabi Collegiate Population, J. Hum. Ecol., 22(3), 215-219 (2007)
  11. Moliner-Urdiales D. et al., Associations of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness with total and Central Body Fat in Adolescents: The HELENA Study. Br J Sports Med, 45(2), 101–108 (2011)
  12. Eston R. and Reilly T., Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual: Tests, Procedures and Data (3rd ed.) Vol. (1): Anthropometry. New York : Taylor and Francis Group (1996)
  13. Jackson A.S. and Pollock M.L., Generalized Equations for Predicting Body Density of Men, British Journal of Nutrition, 40(03), 497–504 (1978)
  14. Siri W.E., Body composition from Fluid Space and Density In Techniques for Measuring Body Composition, edited by J. Brozek and A. Hanschel, National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C. 223-244 (1961)
  15. Verma S.K, and Mokha R., Nutrition, Exercise and Weight Reduction: For Sedentary Individuals and Athletes. Patiala-147002: Exercise Science Publication Society (1994)
  16. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER): Youth FiFitness Test Manual (Revised Edition), Washington, D.C. (1976)