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Groundwater exploration study using Wenner-Schlumberger electrode array through W-4 2D Resistivity Imaging systems at Mahapallipuram, Chennai, Tamilanadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, V.O.Chidambaram College, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Thoothukudi, TN, INDIA
  • 2 WTS Ltd., Shenzhen, CHINA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (11), Pages 36-40, November,2 (2012)


Groundwater is a very important component of water resources in nature. Since the demand of groundwater increases with population growth, it is necessary to explore groundwater more intensively. In order to determine the existence of usable groundwater for irrigation and drinking purposes in Mahapalipuram, 2D resistivity imaging technique was utilized. The 2-D resistivity imaging technique utilized the Wenner-Schlumberger electrode array configuration because this array is moderately sensitive to both horizontal and vertical structures. The surveys were carried out using W-4 of WTS Ltd, China. The survey is employed with resistivity meter, multicore cable, multi electrodes with wenner and schlumberger array configuration respectively. The collected resistivity data were interpreted using by Res2DINV original software. Three lines were surveyed for groundwater delineation purpose. The length for each survey lines is around 260 meters. At Mahapallipuram, the survey site shows the existence of groundwater. It is indicated by the resistivity values about 10-100 ohm-m. The maximum depth of investigation survey is 39meters. In general the results show that the subsurface is made up of alluvium and clay and the high resistivity values of more than 1000 ohm-m near the surface is due laterite and the end of the depth can be interpreted as mixture of weathered material or bedrock.


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