6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Distribution of Selected Trace Metal in Fish Parts from the River Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, NIGERIA
  • 2 Department of Botany, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, NIGERIA
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, College of Education, Agbor. Delta state, NIGERIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 81-84, January,2 (2012)

Abstract

Three species of fish namely Chryschthys nigrodigitatus, Clarius anguillaris and Tilapia zilli obtained from the River Niger investigated to ascertain the extent of trace metal pollution. The fishes were cut into three parts namely, the gills, muscles and tails and were analysed for trace metals such as manganese, lead, cadmium, chromium, nickel and copper using the atomic absorption spectrophotometer of model pye unican SP 2900 Australia. The results obtained revealed that all the aforementioned trace metals were all detected and there were variations in the concentrations of metals in various fish parts analysed. There were evidence of bioaccumulation of metals in fishes indicating that they were highly polluted since the values exceeded the WHO set standard for fishes. A look at the mean results further indicated that the gills accumulate more metals than those of the muscles and tails. Also Tilapia zilli was observed to accumulate the highest trace metal levels than others in this study. Manganese had the highest concentrations when compared with other metals. The fishes studied can be used as indicators for environmental pollutions monitoring programme in Nigerian Rivers.

References

  1. De Hayes D.H., Schaberg P.G and Strimbeck G.R., Red Spruce Hardiness and Freezing injury susceptibility In:F. Bigras ed. Conifer Cold Hardiness, Kluwer academic Publishers (2001)
  2. Agbozu L.E Opuene, K and Iwegbue C.M.A, Temporal Trends of Heavy Metals in Shrimps(Macrobrachium Macrobrachion) from a Non-Tidal Fresh Water Ecosystem, Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 34(2), 101-105 (2009)
  3. Egereonu U.U and Ozuzu C.I .U., Physicochemical Analysis of the River Niger at Onitisha Bank, Nigeria, Journal of Chemical society of Nigeria,30(2), 197-203 (2005)
  4. Ihenyen A.O. and Aghimien A.E , A study of trace metal levels in Warri soil and vegetations, Southern Nigeria, African Journal of Environmental Pollution and Health, ,72-82 (2002)
  5. Nwajei G.E., Iwegbue C.M.A. and Okafor M.I., Heavy Metals in Surface soils under waste Dumps from Onitsha Nigeria, Journal of Biological Science, 7(2),405-408 (2007)
  6. Iwegbue, C.M.A Nwajei, G.E. and Arimoro F.O., Assessment of Contamination by Heavy Metals in Sediments of Ase River, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1(5), 220-228 (2007)
  7. Sundaramanickam, A. Sivakumar, T. Kumaran, R. Ammaiappan, V. and Velappan, R., A comparative study of Physicochemical Investigation along Parangipettai and Cuddalore Coast, Journal of Environmental Science and Technology,1(1), 1-10, (2008)
  8. Nwajei, G.E, Trace Metals distribution in synodontis membraneceus, Sediments, Asystasia gangetica and platostoma Africana from Ofuafor River around Delta Glass factory in Ughelli North Local Government Area, Delta State Nigerian, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 14(1), 79-82 (2002)
  9. Iwegbue C.A., Nwajei G.E. and Eguavoen I.O., Distribution of cadmium, chromium, iron, lead and mercury in water, fish and aquatic plants from Ewulu River, Nigeria, Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences Research,2(1), 72-82 (2004)
  10. Eisler R., Cadmium Hazards to fish, Wildlife and Invertebrates: a synoptic review, U.S fish and Wildlife Service, Biol. Rep., 85(1,2)(1995)
  11. Okafor E.C. and Nwajei G.E., Heavy Metals in water and fish (synodotis membranaceus) from Ora and Ebe Rivers in the Vicinity of Nigerian Cement factory, Nkalagu Biosciences and Biotechnology Research Asia 4(1), 185-192 (2007)
  12. Nwajei G.E., Assessment of water quality parameters in Ebe and Ora Rivers around the Vicinity of the Nigerian Cement Factory Nkalagu, Current World Environment,2(1), 7-16 (2007)
  13. Ney J.I., and Van-Hussel J.H., sources of variability in Accumulation of Heavy Metals by fishes in a Road side stream, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.,12,701-706 (1983)
  14. Usero J., Ganxales-Reyalado E. and Garcia 1., Trace metals in the Bivalve mollusca Chemelea gallina fromAtlantic Coast of Southern Spain, Marine Pollution Bulletin,3(3), 305-310 (1996)
  15. WHO Health criteria other supporting information, In: Guidelines for Drinking water Quality, 2(2), 31-38 (1996)
  16. Nwajei G.E., and Oroveuje J.U., Assessment of Heavy Metals in Clarins Buthpopgon parts and Nymphaea letus in River Niger, Delta State of Nigeria, Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research,45(6), 333-337 (2001)
  17. Nwajei G.E., Trace meters concentration in fishes from Iyede-Ame River in Isoko, Delta State, Nigerian Journal of Science and Environment, 9, 30-35 (2010)
  18. Ashraf M .Taria J. and Jaffar, M., contents of Trace metals in fish sediments and water from freshwater reservoir on the Indus, River, Pakistan, fish Res., , 355 -364 (1991)
  19. Kargin F., Metal concentration in tissues of the freshwater fish capoeta barroisis from the seyhan River (Turkey) Bull, Environ. Contamin. Toxicol., 60,822 -828 (1998)
  20. Agbozu L.E., Opuene K. and Iwegbue C.M.A., Temporal Trends of Heavy metals in Shrimps (Macrobrachium Macrobrachion) from a Non-Tidal Freshwater Ecosystem, Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 34 (2) 101-105 (2010)