6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Simulation of Perturbation in the PG

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 77-80, January,2 (2012)

Abstract

The upper most layers of the Persian Gulf (PG) as a pert of suface waters, along with the lower atmospheric boundary layer, play a crucial role in the air-sea fluxes of momentum, heat, and mass, thereby providing important boundary conditions for both the atmosphere and the surface waters that control the evolution of weather and climate. The principal internal feature of the thermocline is a series of thin, laminar-flow sheets of high static stability, separated by weakly turbulent layers of only moderate density gradient and a few metres thick. In this paper, the authors present evidence of a clear coupling between thermocline and turbulence in northern part of the PG. Turbulence kinetic energy increasing will be resulted from winter to summer due to thermocline development in northern part of the PG.

References

  1. Businger J.A. Wungaard J.C. Izumi Y. and Bradley E.F., Flux-profile relationships in the atmospheric surface layer Journal Atmospheric Science, 28:181-189 (1971)
  2. Edson J. B. and Fairall C.W., Similarity relationships in the marine surface layer Atmos Se, 55:2311-2328 (1998)
  3. Edson J. B., Zappa C.J., Ware J.A., McGillis W.R. and Hare, J.E., Scalar flux profile relationships over the open ocean, Geophys Res, 109, C08S09, doi:10.1029/2003JC001960 (2004)
  4. Hodges B.R., Modeling the Hydrodynamics, Hydronformatics 2000 conference, 14p (2000)
  5. Kitaigorodskii S.A., Review of the Theories of WindMixed Layer Deepening, Institute of Oceanography press, Moscow, 26p (1997)
  6. Ludlam, F. H., Characteristics of billow clouds and their relation to clear-air turbulence. Q. J. Soy. Meteor. Soc. 93, 419 (1967)
  7. Mellor, G.L. and Yamada T., Development of a Turbulence Closure Model for Geophysical Fluid Problems, J. of Review of Geophysics and Space physics, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.851-875 (1982)
  8. Privett, D.W., Monthly Charts of evaporation from the N. Indian Ocean(including the red Sea and the PG), National institute of Oceanography, Surrey, 5p (1959)
  9. Sullivan P.P. and Me Williams J.C. Turbulent flow over water waves in the presence of stratification Phys. Fluids, 14: 1182-1195 (2002)
  10. Swift A. S. and Bower A. S., Formation and circulation of dense water in the PG. J. of Geophys. Res., Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 108, 45 pp (2003)
  11. Veron E., Melville W. K., and Lenain L., Wave coherent heat flux. Phys. Oceanogr In Press (2008)
  12. Woods J. D., An investigation of some physical processes associated with the vertical flow of heat through the upper ocean. Met. Mag. 97, 65-72 (1968)
  13. WoodsJ. D. and Fosberry G. G., The structure of the summer thermocline, in Underwater Association Report 1966-67 (London), pp. 5-18 (1967)