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A review on sorption of toxic element from aqueous solution

Author Affiliations

  • 1National Institute of Technology, Raipur, Raipur, India
  • 2National Institute of Technology, Raipur, Raipur, India
  • 3Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, India
  • 4Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 7, Issue (9), Pages 53-58, September,18 (2017)

Abstract

Water pollution in environment is well known problem in worldwide due to increase in population in the world, pollution is also increases in air, water and soil sources. But water pollution affects the environment most. The presence of metal ions in aqueous solutions represents a major environmental problem. These inorganic species are persistent and non-biodegradable pollutants that should be eliminated from water. In the recent years biosorption have emerge as an environmental friendly and economical method for the removal of contaminant of polluted water. The present review work based on removal of different heavy metals present in the environment, their sources and affects. Utmost emphasize on Lead, Cadmium and Arsenic. Literature is also discussing about convention removal technologies and their limitations. In this review, research on removal of heavy metal by biosorption is well known environmental topic; biosorption process performs on the basis of individual concentration removal from wastewater. Various interdisciplinary approaches to study the methodology of biosorption in which facts can be investigated, performed and interpreted by different analyst of various field such as biologist, chemist, engineer, etc. Experiments and practical approaches reveal the facts and mechanism that help to understand the biosorption process. Different parameters are studied which affects the biosorption efficiency, still we have to focus on new biosorbent and their technique.

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