Production of regenerated cellulose polymeric films from plantain pseudostem
- 1Department of Chemistry, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
- 2Department of Chemistry, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 7, Issue (4), Pages 46-47, April,18 (2017)
Regenerated cellulose was prepared from plantain pseudo stem obtained in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The pulp prepared with 12% NaOH had moisture content of 8.8% and a yield of 36.9% on the average. The pulp was bleached and exposed to air to form “white crumbs”. The aged crumbs was mixed with carbon disulphide at a controlled temperature of 300C to form cellulose xanthate (C6H9O4 – S –SNa)n which was then converted to regenerated cellulose on further treatment with tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid at a yield of 36.4%. This work has revealed that plantain pseudo stem waste can be converted to regenerated cellulose for diverse applications.
- Browning B.L. (1990)., The Chemistry of Wood., Interscience Publishers Inc., New York, 56-63.
- Cannon R.E. and Anderson S.M. (2002)., Lignin Structure and Biosynthesis., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 50, 955-968.
- Klemm Dieter, Heublein Brigitte, Fink Hans‐Peter and Bohn Andreas (2005)., Cellulose: Fascinating biopolymers and sustainable raw materials., Chemical Information, 44(22), 3358-3393.
- Liu, X., Pang J., Zhang X., Wu Y. and Sun R. (2013)., Regenerated cellulose film with enhanced tensile strength prepared with ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIMAc)., Cellulose, 20(3), 1391-1399. Accessed online on 15th January, 2017 at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10570-013-9925-3.
- Nishiyama Y., Langan P. and Chanzy H. (2002)., Crystal structure and hydrogen bonding system in cellulose 1β from synchrotron X-ray and neutron fiber diffraction., Journal of American Chemical Society, 124(31), 9074-9082.
- Ramamoorthy S.K., Skrifvars M. and Persson A. (2015)., A Review of Natural Fibers Used in Biocomposites: Plant, Animal and Regenerated Cellulose Fibers., Polymer Reviews, 55(1), 107-162.